- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 168756, 7 pages
Neuroprotective Effect of Phosphocreatine on Focal Cerebral Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury
1Emergency Department, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China
2Endocrinology Department, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China
Received 5 November 2011; Revised 3 January 2012; Accepted 3 January 2012
Academic Editor: George Perry
Copyright © 2012 Tiegang Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- M. Konig, M. Klotz, L. Heuser, et al., “Perfusion CT in acute stroke: characterization of cerebral ischemia using parameter images of cerebral blood flow and their therapeutic relevance clinical experience,” Electromedia, vol. 66, pp. 61–67, 1998.
- M. Wyss and R. Kaddurah-Daouk, “Creatine and creatinine metabolism,” Physiological Reviews, vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 1107–1213, 2000.
- E. S. Rawson and A. C. Venezia, “Use of creatine in the elderly and evidence for effects on cognitive function in young and old,” Amino Acids, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 1349–1362, 2011.
- P. Luisa, C. Aroldo, L. L. Gian, C. Principato, C. Gandolfo, and M. Balestrino, “Kinetics of creatine in blood and brain after intraperitoneal injection in the rat,” Brain Research, vol. 974, no. 1-2, pp. 37–42, 2003.
- M. Balestrino, M. Lensman, M. Parodi et al., “Role of creatine and phosphocreatine in neuronal protection from anoxic and ischemic damage,” Amino Acids, vol. 23, no. 1–3, pp. 221–229, 2002.
- W. Zhiqiang, Z. Xiaoning, T. Jiang, et al., “Relationship between neural score and infarction volume of rats in cerebral infarction,” Clinical Neurology of China, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 394–399, 2008.
- E. Z. Longa, P. R. Weinstein, S. Carlson, and R. Cummins, “Reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion without craniectomy in rats,” Stroke, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 84–91, 1989.
- G. A. Rosenberg, S. Mun-Bryce, M. Wesley, and M. Kornfeld, “Collagenase-induced intracerebral hemorrhage in rats,” Stroke, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 801–807, 1990.
- M. C. Papadopoulos and A. S. Verkman, “Aquaporin-4 gene disruption in mice reduces brain swelling and mortality in pneumococcal meningitis,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 280, no. 14, pp. 13906–13912, 2005.
- R. Wang, “Pharmocokinetics and clinical application of phosphocreatine,” Capital Medicine, vol. 5, article 32, 1999.
- R. A. Pattillo, B. D. Collier, H. Abdel-Dayem et al., “Phosphorus-32-chromic phosphate for ovarian cancer: I. Fractionated low-dose intraperitoneal treatments in conjunction with platinum analog chemotherapy,” Journal of Nuclear Medicine, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 29–36, 1995.
- G. Prabhakar, L. Vona-Davis, D. Murray, P. Lakhani, and G. Murray, “Phosphocreatine restores high-energy phosphates in ischemic myocardium: Implication for off-pump cardiac revascularization,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 197, no. 5, pp. 786–791, 2003.
- B. B. Cho and L. H. Toledo-Pereyra, “Caspase-independent programmed cell death following ischemic stroke,” Journal of Investigative Surgery, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 141–147, 2008.
- B. R. Broughton, D. C. Reutens, and C. G. Sobey, “Apoptotic mechanisms after cerebral ischemia,” Stroke, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 331–339, 2009.
- F. Moroni, “Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase 1 (PARP-1) and postischemic brain damage,” Current Opinion in Pharmacology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 96–103, 2008.
- Y. Li, M. Choop, N. Jiang, et al., “Cell death induced bu middle to sereve focal cerebral ischemia (10–120 minutes) associated with internucleosomal DNA cleavage in the rat,” Stroke, vol. 26, article 182, 1995.
- C. K. Petito and W. A. Pulsinelli, “Delayed neuronal recovery and neuronal death in rat hippocampus following severe cerebral ischemia: possible relationship to abnormalities in neuronal processes,” Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 194–205, 1984.
- N. J. Solenski, C. G. DiPierro, P. A. Trimmer, A. L. Kwan, and G. A. Helms, “Ultrastructural changes of neuronal mitochondria after transient and permanent cerebral ischemia,” Stroke, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 816–824, 2002.
- T. Kovalenko, I. Osadchenko, A. Nikonenko et al., “Ischemia-induced modifications in hippocampal CA1 stratum radiatum excitatory synapses,” Hippocampus, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 814–825, 2006.
- M. Amiry-Moghaddam, T. Otsuka, P. D. Hurn et al., “An α-syntrophin-dependent pool of AQP4 in astroglial end-feet confers bidirectional water flow between blood and brain,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 2106–2111, 2003.
- J. E. Rash, T. Yasumura, C. S. Hudson, P. Agre, and S. Nielsen, “Direct immunogold labeling of aquaporin-4 in square arrays of astrocyte and ependymocyte plasma membranes in rat brain and spinal cord,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 95, no. 20, pp. 11981–11986, 1998.
- G. T. Manley, M. Fujimura, T. Ma et al., “Aquaporin-4 deletion in mice reduces brain edema after acute water intoxication and ischemic stroke,” Nature Medicine, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 159–163, 2000.