|Active compounds in Salvia hispanica L.||Chemical structure||Activities|
|Omega 3 alpha-linolenic acid; ω-3 ALA (18 : 3) (PUFA fatty acids)||Essential fatty acid |
(1) lowering TG and cholesterol levels, which in turn results in low blood pressure and heart-related diseases ;
(2) anti-inflammatory activity [12, 13];
(3) cardioprotective and hepatoprotective activities by redistributing lipid away from visceral fat and liver [14, 15];
(4) antidiabetic action;
(5) protection against arthritis, autoimmune disease, and cancer .
|Omega 6 linoleic acid; ω-6 LA (18 : 2) (PUFA fatty acids)||Essential fatty acid |
This FA has inflammatory, hypertensive, and thrombotic activities. Eicosanoid produced from LA has been associated with CVD and cancer . It works inversely with ALA; thus a balanced ratio of ALA to LA is important in maintaining good health [15, 17].
|Myricetin (flavonols and phenolic acids)|| |
|Quercetin (flavonols and phenolic acids)||
Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and antithrombotic activities .|
|Kaempferol (flavonols and phenolic acids)|
|Caffeic acid (flavonols and phenolic acids)|| |