About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 198317, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/198317
Research Article

Asymptomatic Malaria Correlates with Anaemia in Pregnant Women at Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

1Biomolecular Research Center Pietro Annigoni (CERBA), Labiogene, UFR/SVT, University of Ouagadougou, 01 BP 364, Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso
2Saint Camille Medical Centre, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
3Department of Biology, University of Sciences and Techniques of Masuku (USTM), Franceville, Gabon

Received 21 September 2012; Revised 14 October 2012; Accepted 15 October 2012

Academic Editor: Kazim Husain

Copyright © 2012 Zoenabo Douamba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa records each year about thirty-two million pregnant women living in areas of high transmission of Plasmodium falciparum causing malaria. The aim of this study was to carve out the prevalence of asymptomatic malaria among pregnant women and to emphasize its influence on haematological markers. The prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum asymptomatic infection among pregnant women was 30% and 24% with rapid detection test (RDT) and microscopy, respectively. The prevalence of P. falciparum asymptomatic malaria was reduced among pregnant women using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine's intermittent preventive treatment and 61% of them were anaemic. Anaemia was significantly more common in women infected with P. falciparum compared with the uninfected pregnant women. Most of the women had normal levels of homocysteine and low levels of folate, respectively. Therefore, the systematic diagnosis of malaria should be introduced to pregnant women as a part of the antenatal care.