Table 3: Prevalence of P. falciparum in pregnant women according to their hematological and sociodemographic status.

ParametersBlood smears value
NegativePositive

Haemoglobin levelPresence of anaemia82/123 (67%)41/123 (33%)0.0002
= 123/201 (61%)
Absence of anaemia70/78 (90%)8/78 (10%)
= 78/201(39%)

Stage of pregnancy 1st trimestre55/70 (79%)15/70 (23%)NS
= 70/201 (35%)
2nd trimestre68/96 (71%)28/96 (29%)
= 96/201 (48%)
3rd trimestre29/35 (83%)6/35 (17%)
= 35/201 (17%)

Number of pregnancy153/70 (76%)17/70 (24%)NS
= 70/201 (35%)
234/45 (76%)11/45 (24%)
= 45/201 (22%)
≥365/86 (76%)21/86 (24%)
= 86/201 (43%)

Preventive treatment (SP)Yes104/146 (71%)42/146 (29%)0.0182
=146/201 (73%)
No48/55 (87%)7/55 (13%)
= 55/201 (27%)

Haemoglobin typeAA (74%)74%26%NS
AC (16%)81%19%
AS (8%)75%25%
CC (1%)1/10/1
SC (1%)2/20/2

Blood groupsA (25%)72%28%NS
B (31%)73%27%
AB (9%)71%29%
O (35%)82%18%

NS: not significant; in bold: significant values.