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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 295167, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/295167
Research Article

Conditioned Medium from Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Induces CD4+FOXP3+ Cells and Increases IL-10 Secretion

1Laboratory of Clinical Immunology, University Hospital “St. Ivan Rilski,” Medical University of Sofia, 15 Acad. Ivan Geshov Street, 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria
2Institute of Reproductive Health, Ob/Gyn Hospital “Dr. Shterev,” 25-31 Hristo Blagoev Street, 1330 Sofia, Bulgaria
3Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, Institute of Biology and Immunology of Reproduction, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 73 Tsarigradsko Shosse Street, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
4Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, University Hospital “Tsaritsa Yoanna,” Medical University of Sofia, 8 Byalo More Street, 1527 Sofia, Bulgaria

Received 12 June 2012; Accepted 5 October 2012

Academic Editor: Ken-ichi Isobe

Copyright © 2012 Ekaterina Ivanova-Todorova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a new and promising tool for therapy of autoimmune disorders. In recent years their possibility to take part in the modulation of the immune response is discussed. The exact mechanisms for immunoregulation realized by MSCs are not clear yet, but interactions with other immunoregulatory cells may be involved in this process. The investigation of the influence of MSCs on the expression of FoxP3 and cytokine secretion by T helper cells was the aim of this study. T helper cells were isolated from PBMCs by magnetic separation and MSCs were isolated from human adipose tissue, and CD4+ T cells were cultured with conditional medium of MSCs. The methods which were used include flow cytometry, ELISA, and Human Proteome profiler kits. The results demonstrated that secretory factors in MSCs conditional medium lead to increased expression of FoxP3 and increased secretion of IL-10 by T helpers. The obtained results give us opportunity to discuss the interaction between two kinds of immunoregulatory cells: MSCs and FoxP3+ T helpers. We suppose that this interaction leads to increased number of immunosuppressive helpers which secrete IL-10. MSCs provide some of their immunosuppressive functions acting on T regulatory cells, and we believe that IL-6 secreted by MSCs is involved in this process.