Table 2: Histological findings of plaques from the two experimental groups.

FeatureGroup A ( )Group B ( )

Average FCT ( m) −2.580.0273
Minimum FCT ( m) −1.8640.0920
Average lipid arc (°) −2.7570.0207
CD68 (%) 2.6920.0226
SMCs (%) −0.4930.6330
LA (mm2) 1.1880.2624
MP area (mm2) −3.0480.0213
Min MPT (mm)0.098 ± 0.0310.396 ± 0.165−4.3510.0063
Average MPT (mm)0.314 ± 0.0690.712 ± 0.258−3.6580.0115
Max MPT (mm)0.529 ± 0.1371.028 ± 0.407−2.8440.0288
Average EI 3.1480.0104

FCT: fibrous cap thickness; LA: lumen area. MPT: media and plaque thickness; MPA: media and plaque area; EI: eccentric index; SMCs: smooth muscle cells.