About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 719402, 18 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/719402
Review Article

Rapid Molecular Detection Methods for Arboviruses of Livestock of Importance to Northern Europe

1Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Woodham Lane, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK
2National Centre for Zoonoses Research, University of Liverpool, Leahurst Chester High Road, Neston CH64 7TE, UK

Received 28 July 2011; Revised 14 October 2011; Accepted 25 October 2011

Academic Editor: Roy A. Hall

Copyright © 2012 Nicholas Johnson et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) have been responsible for some of the most explosive epidemics of emerging infectious diseases over the past decade. Their impact on both human and livestock populations has been dramatic. The early detection either through surveillance or diagnosis of virus will be a critical feature in responding and resolving the emergence of such epidemics in the future. Although some of the most important emerging arboviruses are human pathogens, this paper aims to highlight those diseases that primarily affect livestock, although many are zoonotic and some occasionally cause human mortality. This paper also highlights the molecular detection methods specific to each virus and identifies those emerging diseases for which a rapid detection methods are not yet developed.