Table 1: Histopathological changes of gastric mucosa in the experimental groups.

GroupNormalMucosal congestionBenign papillary growthSquamous cell carcinomaCancer incidence (%)
Submucosal invasionMuscle invasionSerosal invasion

CO ( 𝑁 = 6 )60
CC ( 𝑁 = 6 )60
MNU + s-NaCl ( 𝑁 = 6 )231100
MNU + s-NaCl + C3W ( 𝑁 = 5 )22160
MNU + s-NaCl + C20W ( 𝑁 = 6 )12350