Table 1: Group composition with type and cross-linking of scaffolds.

GroupnType of scaffoldScaffold cross-linking

untreated9decellularized, sterilized esophagus scaffolduntreated
GA9decellularized, sterilized esophagus scaffoldglutaraldehyde
GP9decellularized, sterilized esophagus scaffoldgenipin
CDI9decellularized, sterilizedesophagus scaffoldcarbodiimide
BP (control)9decellularized, sterilized bovine pericard scaffoldglutaraldehyde (bovine pericardium; St. Jude, USA)
sham (negative control)15