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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 126189, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/126189
Research Article

IL-6 Production by Dendritic Cells Is Dispensable for CD8+ Memory T-Cell Generation

1Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Center, University of Montreal, 5415 Boulevard de l’Assomption, Montréal, QC, Canada H1T 2M4
2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Montreal, Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7
3Department of Medicine, University of Montreal, Montréal, QC, Canada H3C 3J7

Received 18 May 2012; Accepted 19 June 2012

Academic Editor: Zhengguo Xiao

Copyright © 2013 Jean-François Daudelin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Following activation, naïve CD8+ T cells will differentiate into effectors that differ in their ability to survive: some will persist as memory cells while the majority will die by apoptosis. Signals given by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) at the time of priming modulate this differential outcome. We have recently shown that, in opposition to dendritic cell (DC), CD40-activated B-(CD40-B) cell vaccination fails to efficiently produce CD8+ memory T cells. Understanding why CD40-B-cell vaccination does not lead to the generation of functional long-lived memory cells is essential to define the signals that should be provided to naïve T cells by APCs. Here we show that CD40-B cells produce very low amount of IL-6 when compared to DCs. However, supplementation with IL-6 during CD40-B-cell vaccination did not improve memory generation. Furthermore, IL-6-deficient DCs maintained the capacity to promote the formation of functional CD8+ effectors and memory cells. Our results suggest that in APC vaccination models, IL-6 provided by the APCs is dispensable for proper CD8+ T-cell memory generation.