About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 138027, 5 pages
Clinical Study

Stress Evaluation in Adult Patients with Atopic Dermatitis Using Salivary Cortisol

1Department of Dermatology, Graduate School of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama-shi, Toyama 930-0194, Japan
2Graduate School of Engineering, Iwate University, 4-3-5 Ueda, Morioka-shi, Iwate 020-8551, Japan

Received 19 April 2013; Accepted 26 June 2013

Academic Editor: Tokuya Omi

Copyright © 2013 Megumi Mizawa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. Bieber, “Atopic dermatitis,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 358, no. 14, pp. 1483–1494, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. Kodama, T. Horikawa, T. Suzuki et al., “Effect of stress on atopic dermatitis: investigation in patients after the Great Hanshin Earthquake,” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 173–176, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Arima, Y. Shimizu, J. Sowa et al., “Psychosomatic analysis of atopic dermatitis using a psychological test,” Journal of Dermatology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 160–168, 2005. View at Scopus
  4. M.-A. Morren, B. Przybilla, M. Bamelis, B. Heykants, A. Reynaers, and H. Degreef, “Atopic dermatitis: triggering factors,” Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 467–473, 1994. View at Scopus
  5. W. J. Inder, G. Dimeski, and A. Russell, “Measurement of salivary cortisol in 2012—laboratory techniques and clinical indications,” Clinical Endocrinology, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 645–651.
  6. L. H. Powell, W. R. Lovallo, K. A. Matthews et al., “Physiologic markers of chronic stress in premenopausal, middle-aged women,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 502–509, 2002. View at Scopus
  7. A. Steptoe, M. Cropley, J. Griffith, and C. Kirschbaum, “Job strain and anger expression predict early morning elevations in salivary cortisol,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 286–292, 2000. View at Scopus
  8. M. C. Ockenfels, L. Porter, J. Smyth, C. Kirschbaum, D. H. Hellhammer, and A. A. Stone, “Effect of chronic stress associated with unemployment on salivary cortisol: overall cortisol levels, diurnal rhythm, and acute stress reactivity,” Psychosomatic Medicine, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 460–467, 1995. View at Scopus
  9. B. Rai, J. Kaur, S. C. Anand, and R. Jacobs, “Salivary stress markers, stress, and periodontitis: a Pilot Study,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 287–292, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Koray, O. Dülger, G. Ak et al., “The evaluation of anxiety and salivary cortisol levels in patients with oral lichen planus,” Oral Diseases, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 298–301, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. Liezmann, B. Klapp, and E. M. J. Peters, “Stress, atopy and allergy: a re-evaluation from a psychoneuroimmunologic persepective,” Dermato-Endocrinology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 37–40, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. Katayama, S. J. Bae, Y. Hamasaki, et al., “Stress response, tachykinin, and cutaneous inflammation,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 81–86, 2001. View at Scopus
  13. P. C. Arck, A. Slominski, T. C. Theoharides, E. M. J. Peters, and R. Paus, “Neuroimmunology of stress: skin takes center stage,” Journal of Investigative Dermatology, vol. 126, no. 8, pp. 1697–1704, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. I. M. Haeck, L. Timmer-De Mik, E. G. W. M. Lentjes et al., “Low basal serum cortisol in patients with severe atopic dermatitis: potent topical corticosteroids wrongfully accused,” British Journal of Dermatology, vol. 156, no. 5, pp. 979–985, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. Fukuda, T. Suzuki, A. Saotome, E. Sode, and H. Mukai, “Efficacy of inpatient treatment for atopic dermatitis evaluated by changes in serum cortisol levels,” Journal of Dermatology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 43–47, 2013.