Table 1: Initial experimental kinematic data (Gourgoulis et al. [13]) applied in steady state CFD calculations.

PhasesTime (%)Velocity (m s−1)Angles of attack (deg)Sweepback angle (deg)

102.154.4494.75
Glide202.1512.5797.45
302.0919.23102.87

551.7944.37127.23
Pull651.8255.46192.20
752.0142.89295.06

852.2036.98243.63
Push902.5325.14232.80
952.7520.71232.80