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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 153165, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/153165
Clinical Study

Effect of Therapy Ball Seating on Learning and Sitting Discomforts among Saudi Female Students

1Female Centre for Science and Medical Studies, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 10219, Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia

Received 15 April 2013; Accepted 26 May 2013

Academic Editor: Panagiotis Korovessis

Copyright © 2013 Einas Al-Eisa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of therapy ball seating as an alternative for typical chair seating in a classroom. We evaluated the effect of ball seating on the student's sitting discomfort and academic performance using Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire and problem-based learning scales, respectively. A sample of convenience was taken. Data was collected and analyzed using t-test. Subjects experienced a major discomfort at neck and a minor discomfort at knee joint. Results showed that there was a significant improvement ( ) in sitting discomfort and student's performance when seated on therapy balls compared to typical classroom chairs. This study provides evidence for the effectiveness of therapy balls as a classroom seating for students who exhibit sitting discomfort and problem-based learning.