Table 2: Rate of ceramic liner fractures in the literature (nontraumatic in all cases).

AuthorType of ceramicNo. of hipsNo. of fractures %

Hamilton et al. [18] 4th generation (BIOLOX DELTA)15721.3
Traina et al. [31]3rd generation (BIOLOX FORTE)6111.6
Choi et al. [32]3rd generation (BIOLOX FORTE)17310.6
Toni et al. [33]Unspecified (surgery 1993–2004)371080.2
Traina et al. [34]Unspecified (surgery 2000–2010)6648220.3