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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 173148, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/173148
Research Article

Differences in Muscle Activation Patterns during Sit to Stand Task among Subjects with and without Intellectual Disability

1School of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Victoria Park Road, Kelvin Grove, QLD 4059, Australia
2Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malaga, 29071 Málaga, Spain

Received 24 May 2013; Revised 2 September 2013; Accepted 3 September 2013

Academic Editor: Stephen E. Alway

Copyright © 2013 Antonio I. Cuesta-Vargas and Manuel González-Sánchez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyse the differences in muscle activity between subjects who have intellectual disability and healthy subjects when they make the transition from sitting to standing positions. A cross-sectional study. A group of adults was divided into two subgroups: with and without intellectual disability (ID). The means of the basic features in both groups were 22.13 and 22.83 for age, 66.38 and 67.67 for weight, and 173.38 and 174.33 for height, for the ID ( ) and without ID ( ) groups, respectively. Each subject performed three sets of five repetitions during which, starting from sitting, they had to get up and sit on the chair. The recording of muscle activity was performed using surface electromyography taking the measures of muscle activity of different muscles of the lower limbs. The results showed differences in the pattern of muscle activity between groups during sitting to standing movement.