Table 2: Baseline characteristics by MCI status based on the European consortium criteria*.

Baseline characteristicsMCI present ( )MCI absent ( ) value

Age (mean/SD)60.7 (7.9)59.1 (6.2)0.52
Male sex9/15 (60.0%)7/15 (47.7%)0.46
Duration of diabetes (in years/SD)3.3 (4.2)5.8 (7.1)0.24
Insulin4/15 (26.7%)8/15 (53.3%)0.14
Oral agents11/15 (77%)14/15 (93%)0.12
Education (mean/SD)11.1 (1.2)11.2 (1.4)0.79
SMMSE (mean/SD)29.4 (0.7)29.3 (1.4)0.87
MoCA (mean/SD)25.6 (2.2)27.3 (3.0)0.09
DSM IV-depression score (mean/SD)1.60 (1.18)0.86 (1.25)0.11
Functional decline (ADL/IADL)0/15 (0%)1/15 (7%)1.0*

The differences in the means of continuous variables were tested by -tests. With discrete variable, the differences in the proportions were tested by chi-square tests except that Fisher’s exact test was used to test the differences in the functional decline.