About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 212315, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/212315
Research Article

An Effective Degumming Enzyme from Bacillus sp. Y1 and Synergistic Action of Hydrogen Peroxide and Protease on Enzymatic Degumming of Ramie Fibers

State Key Laboratory of Microbial Technology, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250100, China

Received 15 November 2012; Accepted 12 February 2013

Academic Editor: Suraini Abd-Aziz

Copyright © 2013 Fenfen Guo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Wang, D. Peng, L. Liu, Z. Sun, N. Zhang, and S. Gao, “An efficient adventitious shoot regeneration system for ramie (Boehmeria nivea Gaud) using thidiazuron,” Botanical Studies, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 173–180, 2007. View at Scopus
  2. J. Chen, J. Yi, P. Sun, Z. T. Liu, and Z. W. Liu, “Grafting from ramie fiber with poly(MMA) or poly(MA) via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization,” Cellulose, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1133–1145, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. Zheng, Y. Du, and J. Zhang, “Degumming of ramie fibers by alkalophilic bacteria and their polysaccharide-degrading enzymes,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 89–94, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Brühlmann, M. Leupin, K. H. Erismann, and A. Fiechter, “Enzymatic degumming of ramie bast fibers,” Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 43–50, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Kapoor, Q. K. Beg, B. Bhushan, K. Singh, K. S. Dadhich, and G. S. Hoondal, “Application of an alkaline and thermostable polygalacturonase from Bacillus sp. MG-cp-2 in degumming of ramie (Boehmeria nivea) and sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea) bast fibres,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 36, no. 8-9, pp. 803–807, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. Bruhlmann, Kwi Suk Kim, W. Zimmerman, and A. Fiechter, “Pectinolytic enzymes from actinomycetes for the degumming of ramie bast fibers,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 2107–2112, 1994. View at Scopus
  7. L. Xiao, G. X. Wang, and G. J. Chen, “The research advancement of the enzymatic degumming of ramie (Boehmeria nivea): a review,” The Journal of Microbiology, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 101–105, 2004.
  8. R. E. Brooks and S. B. Moore, “Alkaline hydrogen peroxide bleaching of cellulose,” Cellulose, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 263–286, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. N. A. Ibrahim, M. El-Hossamy, M. M. Hashem, R. Refai, and B. M. Eid, “Novel pre-treatment processes to promote linen-containing fabrics properties,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 880–891, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Zhao, X. Li, Y. Qu, and P. Gao, “Xylanase pretreatment leads to enhanced soda pulping of wheat straw,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 734–740, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. Y. Wang, Z. Wang, G. Du et al., “Enhancement of alkaline polygalacturonate lyase production in recombinant Pichia pastoris according to the ratio of methanol to cell concentration,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 1343–1349, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. E. Nakkeeran, M. K. Gowthaman, S. Umesh-Kumar, and R. Subramanian, “Techno-economic analysis of processes for Aspergillus carbonarius polygalacturonase production,” Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, vol. 113, no. 5, pp. 634–640, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. I. Helianti, N. Nurhayati, M. Ulfah, B. Wahyuntari, and S. Setyahadi, “Constitutive high level expression of an endoxylanase gene from the newly isolated Bacillus subtilis AQ1 in Escherichia coli,” Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, vol. 2010, Article ID 980567, 12 pages, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y. Wang, P. Shi, H. Luo et al., “Cloning, over-expression and characterization of an alkali-tolerant endo-β-1,4-mannanase from Penicillium freii F63,” Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, vol. 113, no. 6, pp. 710–714, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. K. Liu, X. Lin, J. Yue et al., “High concentration ethanol production from corncob residues by fed-batch strategy,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, no. 13, pp. 4952–4958, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. L. Miller, “Use of dinitrosalicylic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 426–428, 1959. View at Scopus
  17. J. Trisina, F. Sunardi, M. T. Suhartono, and R. R. Tjandrawinata, “DLBS1033, a protein extract from lumbricus rubellus, possesses antithrombotic and thrombolytic activities,” Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, vol. 2011, Article ID 519652, 7 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. T. Kobayashi, K. Koike, T. Yoshimatsu et al., “Purification and properties of a low-molecular-weight, high-alkaline pectate lyase from an alkaliphilic strain of Bacillus,” Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 65–72, 1999. View at Scopus
  19. S. Nasuno and M. P. Starr, “Polygalacturonic acid trans-eliminase of Xanthomonas campestris,” Biochemical Journal, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 178–185, 1967. View at Scopus
  20. B. A. Davé and R. H. Vaughn, “Purification and properties of an polygalacturonic acid trans-eliminase produced by Bacillus pumilus,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 108, no. 1, pp. 166–174, 1971. View at Scopus
  21. P. Magro, L. Varvaro, G. Chilosi, C. Avanzo, and G. M. Balestra, “Pectolytic enzymes produced by Pseudomonas syringae pv. Glycinea,” FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 117, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 1994. View at Scopus
  22. P. Chim-Anage and N. Romsomsa, “Optimized conditions for silk degumming protease production from Bacillus sp. by response surface methodology: an abstract,” Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, vol. 108, pp. S114–S134, 2009.
  23. A. D. Eckard, K. Muthukumarappan, and W. Gibbons, “Analysis of casein biopolymers adsorption to lignocellulosic biomass as a potential cellulase stabilizer,” Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, vol. 2012, Article ID 745181, 11 pages, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Carrillo-López, A. Cruz-Hernández, A. Cárabez-Trejo, F. Guevara-Lara, and O. Paredes-López, “Hydrolytic activity and ultrastructural changes in fruit skins from two prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) varieties during storage,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 1681–1685, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. A. R. Kirby, A. J. MacDougall, and V. J. Morris, “Sugar beet pectin-protein complexes,” Food Biophysics, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 51–56, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus