Table 1: Demographics, resting values, and follow-up events.

(%) or mean ± SDNLTESTHYPCADDCDCM

Patients9116285229102222
Age (years)56 ± 1562 ± 1266 ± 1166 ± 1067 ± 961 ± 12*
Males 52 (57) 73 (45)47 (55)173 (76)87 (85)161 (73)χ
Body surface area (m2)1.84 ± 0.191.81 ± 0.181.84 ± 0.201.87 ± 0.191.82 ± 0.1851.85 ± .20
Previous myocardial infarction— (0)— (0)— (0)111 (49)102 (100)— (0)χ
Beta blockers on— (0)53 (33)42 (49)119 (52)54 (53)133 (60)χ
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor on— (0)36 (22)45 (53)87 (38)82 (80)183 (82)
Calcium blockers on— (0)31 (19)23 (27)55 (24)2 (2)7 (3)χ
Wall motion score index1 ± 01.03 ± 0.151.06 ± 0.231.17 ± 0.32.26 ± 0.372.23 ± 0.34*
LV ejection fraction (%)60 ± 660 ± 858 ± 758 ± 928 ± 728 ± 9*
I/ I (ratio)1.6 ± 0.41.6 ± 0.61.5 ± 0.41.5 ± 0.60.4 ± 0.10.4 ± 0.2*
I (mmHg · mL−1 · m−2)7.1 ± 2.47 ± 3.66.3 ± 2.86.2 ± 31.7 ± 0.71.9 ± 1*
I (mmHg · mL−1 · m−2)4.5 ± 1.34.4 ± 1.54.3 ± 1.54.3 ± 1.54.2 ± 1.45.4 ± 3.8*
SWI (mmHg · mL · m−2)3,248 ± 1,0203,626 ± 1,1874,456 ± 1,4733,819 ± 1,2542,817 ± 9422,861 ± 1,437*
PVA (mmHg · mL · m−2)4,306 ± 1,2764,845 ± 1,4836,052 ± 1,8585,275 ± 1,7226,493 ± 2,1476,414 ± 2,737*
LV end-systolic volume index (mL/m2)18 ± 520 ± 824 ± 924 ± 1071 ± 2667 ± 30*
Stroke volume index (mL/m2)28 ± 730 ± 934 ± 1031 ± 927 ± 827 ± 12*
LV end-diastolic volume index (mL/m2)46 ± 1150 ± 1458 ± 1754 ± 1699 ± 3194 ± 38*
End-systolic pressure (mmHg)117 ± 17121 ± 19133 ± 19123 ± 18104 ± 18107 ± 19*
Heart rate at rest (bpm)70 ± 1370 ± 1371 ± 1469 ± 1273 ± 1476 ± 16*
Cardiac index (L · min · m−2)1.933 ± 5602.089 ± 6242.364 ± 7352.052 ± 6591.991 ± 7431.971 ± 989*
SVR (dyn · s−1 · cm−5)2,205 ± 6982,151 ± 8162,063 ± 7122,130 ± 7502,129 ± 8252,390 ± 1424
Follow-up events, (%)— (0)7 (4)— (0)12 (5)30 (29)85 (38)χ
 Death— (0)4 (3)— (0)2 (1)8 (8)36 (16)χ
 Heart failure— (0)3 (2)— (0)10 (4)22 (22)49 (22)χ

between groups (ANOVA); χchi square between groups.
CAD: coronary artery disease; CI: cardiac index; DC: dilated ischemic cardiomyopathy; DCM: idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy; I: arterial elastance index; E LVI: LV end-systolic elastance index; E LVI/ I: ventricular-arterial coupling ratio; HYP: hypertensives; NLs: normals; PVA: pressure-volume area; SVR: systemic vascular resistance; and TEST: diagnostic tests.