Table 1: Clinical characteristics of the study sample.

CasesControls

Samples (n)34103412
Male/female (n)1812/15971364/2048
Age (years)
BMI (kg/m2)24.20 (22.00, 26.60)23.23 (21.27, 27.68)
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)12.78 (9.00, 16.00)5.02 (4.70, 5.40)
2 h plasma glucose (mmol/L)17.00 (13.00, 22.00)5.42 (4.60, 6.30)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)4.70 (4.00, 5.50)4.70 (4.04, 5.35)
Triglyceride (mmol/L)1.49 (0.99, 2.18)1.25 (0.87, 1.82)
HDL-C (mmol/L)1.11 (0.94, 1.33)1.33 (1.13, 1.51)
LDL-C (mmol/L)2.97 (2.42, 3.57)3.04 (2.49, 3.61)

Data are shown as n or median (interquartile range).
BMI: body mass index; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C: low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.