About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 262386, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/262386
Research Article

Effect of Brief Daily Resistance Training on Occupational Neck/Shoulder Muscle Activity in Office Workers with Chronic Pain: Randomized Controlled Trial

1National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Lersø Parkallé 105, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark
2Gait Analysis Laboratory, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Kettegaard Alle 30, 2650 Hvidovre, Denmark
3Research Group in Sport and Health, Laboratory of Physical Activity and Health, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
4Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, No. 26, Yuancun 2nd Cross Road, Guangzhou 510655, China
5Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Bispebjerg University Hospital, Bispebjerg Bakke 23, 2400 Copenhagen NV, Denmark

Received 2 October 2013; Revised 19 November 2013; Accepted 4 December 2013

Academic Editor: Brad J. Schoenfeld

Copyright © 2013 Mark Lidegaard et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. S. Paffenbarger Jr., S. N. Blair, and I.-M. Lee, “A history of physical activity, cardiovascular health and longevity: the scientific contributions of Jeremy N Morris, DSc, DPH, FRCP,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 1184–1192, 2001. View at Scopus
  2. P. Paoli and D. Merllié, Third European Survey on Working Conditions 2000, European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, Dublin, Ireland, 2001.
  3. A. E. Barr and M. F. Barbe, “Pathophysiological tissue changes associated with repetitive movement: a review of the evidence,” Physical Therapy, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 173–187, 2002. View at Scopus
  4. B. Larsson, K. Søgaard, and L. Rosendal, “Work related neck-shoulder pain: a review on magnitude, risk factors, biochemical characteristics, clinical picture and preventive interventions,” Best Practice and Research: Clinical Rheumatology, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 447–463, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Hakala, A. Rimpelä, J. J. Salminen, S. M. Virtanen, and M. Rimpelä, “Back, neck, and shoulder pain in Finnish adolescents: national cross sectional surveys,” British Medical Journal, vol. 325, no. 7367, pp. 743–745, 2002. View at Scopus
  6. F. Gerr, M. Marcus, C. Ensor et al., “A prospective study of computer users: I. Study design and incidence of musculoskeletal symptoms and disorders,” American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 221–235, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. L. L. Andersen, O. S. Mortensen, J. V. Hansen, and H. Burr, “A prospective cohort study on severe pain as a risk factor for long-term sickness absence in blue- and white-collar workers,” Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 68, no. 8, pp. 590–592, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Paksaichol, P. Janwantanakul, N. Purepong, P. Pensri, and A. J. van der Beek, “Office workers’ risk factors for the development of non-specific neck pain: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies,” Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 69, pp. 610–618, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. P. Côté, J. D. Cassidy, L. J. Carroll, and V. Kristman, “The annual incidence and course of neck pain in the general population: a population-based cohort study,” Pain, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 267–273, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. P. R. Croft, M. Lewis, A. C. Papageorgiou et al., “Risk factors for neck pain: a longitudinal study in the general population,” Pain, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 317–325, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. Juul-Kristensen, R. Kadefors, K. Hansen, P. Byström, L. Sandsjö, and G. Sjøgaard, “Clinical signs and physical function in neck and upper extremities among elderly female computer users: the NEW study,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 96, pp. 136–145, 2006.
  12. P. Madeleine, S. Vangsgaard, J. Hviid Andersen, H.-Y. Ge, and L. Arendt-Nielsen, “Computer work and self-reported variables on anthropometrics, computer usage, work ability, productivity, pain, and physical activity,” BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 14, article 226, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. J. B. Staal, R. A. de Bie, and E. J. M. Hendriks, “Aetiology and management of work-related upper extremity disorders,” Best Practice and Research: Clinical Rheumatology, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 123–133, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. B. Visser and J. H. van Dieën, “Pathophysiology of upper extremity muscle disorders,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 1–16, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. M. K. Larsen, A. Samani, P. Madeleine, H. B. Olsen, K. Søgaard, and A. Holtermann, “Short-term effects of implemented high intensity shoulder elevation during computer work,” BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 10, no. 1, article 101, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Sjörs, B. Larsson, J. Dahlman, T. Falkmer, and B. Gerdle, “Physiological responses to low-force work and psychosocial stress in women with chronic trapezius myalgia,” BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 10, no. 1, article 63, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. M. Hägg and A. Åström, “Load pattern and pressure pain threshold in the upper trapezius muscle and psychosocial factors in medical secretaries with and without shoulder/neck disorders,” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 423–432, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. B. Veiersted, R. H. Westgaard, and P. Andersen, “Electromyographic evaluation of muscular work pattern as a predictor of trapezius myalgia,” Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 284–290, 1993. View at Scopus
  19. T. N. Hanvold, M. Wærsted, A. M. Mengshoel, et al., “The effect of work-related sustained trapezius muscle activity on the development of neck and shoulder pain among young adults,” Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 390–400, 2013.
  20. T. Sjögren, K. J. Nissinen, S. K. Järvenpää, M. T. Ojanen, H. Vanharanta, and E. A. Mälkiä, “Effects of a workplace physical exercise intervention on the intensity of headache and neck and shoulder symptoms and upper extremity muscular strength of office workers: a cluster randomized controlled cross-over trial,” Pain, vol. 116, pp. 119–128, 2005.
  21. K. P. Barr, M. Griggs, and T. Cadby, “Lumbar stabilization: a review of core concepts and current literature—part 2,” American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 72–80, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. Bergman, “Management of musculoskeletal pain,” Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology, vol. 21, pp. 153–166, 2007.
  23. L. L. Andersen, M. Kjaer, K. Søgaard, L. Hansen, A. I. Kryger, and G. Sjøgaard, “Effect of two contrasting types of physical exercise on chronic neck muscle pain,” Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol. 59, pp. 84–91, 2008.
  24. K. Waling, G. Sundelin, C. Ahlgren, and B. Järvholm, “Perceived pain before and after three exercise programs—a controlled clinical trial of women with work-related trapezius myalgia,” Pain, vol. 85, no. 1-2, pp. 201–207, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. K. Waling, B. Järvholm, and G. Sundelin, “Effects of training on female trapezius myalgia: an intervention study with a 3-year follow-up period,” Spine, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 789–796, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Ylinen, E. Takala, M. Nykänen, et al., “Active neck muscle training in the treatment of chronic neck pain in women: a randomized controlled trial,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 289, pp. 2509–2516, 2003.
  27. L. L. Andersen, C. H. Andersen, E. Sundstrup, M. D. Jakobsen, O. S. Mortensen, and M. K. Zebis, “Central adaptation of pain perception in response to rehabilitation of musculoskeletal pain: randomized controlled trial,” Pain Physician, vol. 15, pp. 385–394, 2012.
  28. L. L. Andersen, C. A. Saervoll, O. S. Mortensen, O. M. Poulsen, H. Hannerz, and M. K. Zebis, “Effectiveness of small daily amounts of progressive resistance training for frequent neck/shoulder pain: randomised controlled trial,” Pain, vol. 152, no. 2, pp. 440–446, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. K. Zebis, L. L. Andersen, M. T. Pedersen et al., “Implementation of neck/shoulder exercises for pain relief among industrial workers: a randomized controlled trial,” BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 12, article 205, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. C. H. Andersen, L. L. Andersen, M. T. Pedersen, et al., “Dose-response of strengthening exercise for treatment of severe neck pain in women,” The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 27, no. 12, pp. 3322–3328, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. L. L. Andersen, C. H. Andersen, O. S. Mortensen, O. M. Poulsen, I. B. T. Bjørnlund, and M. K. Zebis, “Muscle activation and perceived loading during rehabilitation exercises: comparison of dumbbells and elastic resistance,” Physical Therapy, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 538–549, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. L. L. Andersen, M. Kjær, C. H. Andersen et al., “Muscle activation during selected strength exercises in women with chronic neck muscle pain,” Physical Therapy, vol. 88, no. 6, pp. 703–711, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. L. L. Andersen, A. Holtermann, M. B. Jørgensen, and G. Sjøgaard, “Rapid muscle activation and force capacity in conditions of chronic musculoskeletal pain,” Clinical Biomechanics, vol. 23, pp. 1237–1242, 2008.
  34. L. L. Andersen, P. K. Nielsen, K. Søgaard, C. H. Andersen, J. Skotte, and G. Sjøgaard, “Torque-EMG-velocity relationship in female workers with chronic neck muscle pain,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 41, no. 9, pp. 2029–2035, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. E. Kinney, J. Wusthoff, A. Zyck et al., “Activation of the trapezius muscle during varied forms of Kendall exercises,” Physical Therapy in Sport, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3–8, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C.-L. Lin, M.-S. Chen, Y.-L. Wei, and M.-J. J. Wang, “The evaluation of force exertions and muscle activities when operating a manual guided vehicle,” Applied Ergonomics, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 313–318, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. D. Jakobsen, E. Sundstrup, C. H. Andersen, et al., “Muscle activity during knee-extension strengthening exercise performed with elastic tubing and isotonic resistance,” International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, vol. 7, pp. 606–616, 2012.
  38. M. D. Jakobsen, E. Sundstrup, C. H. Andersen, P. Aagaard, and L. L. Andersen, “Muscle activity during leg strengthening exercise using free weights and elastic resistance: effects of ballistic vs controlled contractions,” Human Movement Science, vol. 32, pp. 65–78, 2013.
  39. E. Sundstrup, M. D. Jakobsen, C. H. Andersen, K. Jay, and L. L. Andersen, “Swiss ball abdominal crunch with added elastic resistance is an effective alternative to training machines,” International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, vol. 7, pp. 372–380, 2012.
  40. S. E. Mathiassen, J. Winkel, and G. M. Hägg, “Normalization of surface EMG amplitude from the upper trapezius muscle in ergonomic studies—a review,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 197–226, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. P. J. Mork and R. H. Westgaard, “Low-amplitude trapezius activity in work and leisure and the relation to shoulder and neck pain,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 1142–1149, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. V. Basmajian and C. J. de Luca, Muscles Alive: Their Functions Revealed by Electromyography, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, Md, USA, 5th edition, 1985.
  43. A. K. Blangsted, K. Søgaard, H. Christensen, and G. Sjøgaard, “The effect of physical and psychosocial loads on the trapezius muscle activity during computer keying tasks and rest periods,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 91, no. 2-3, pp. 253–258, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. G.-Å. Hansson, C. Nordander, P. Asterland et al., “Sensitivity of trapezius electromyography to differences between work tasks—influence of gap definition and normalisation methods,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 103–115, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. K. B. Veiersted, R. H. Westergaard, and P. Andersen, “Pattern of muscle activity during stereotyped work and its relation to muscle pain,” International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 31–41, 1990. View at Scopus
  46. J. M. Lachin, “Statistical considerations in the intent-to-treat principle,” Controlled Clinical Trials, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 167–189, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. E. Henneman, G. Somjen, and D. O. Carpenter, “Functional significance of cell size in spinal motoneurons,” Journal of Neurophysiology, vol. 28, pp. 560–580, 1965. View at Scopus
  48. G. M. Hägg, “Comparison of different estimators of electromyographic spectral shifts during work when applied on short test contractions,” Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 511–516, 1991. View at Scopus
  49. C. Jensen, L. Finsen, K. Hansen, and H. Christensen, “Upper trapezius muscle activity patterns during repetitive manual material handling and work with a computer mouse,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 317–325, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. A. K. Blangsted, K. Hansen, and C. Jensen, “Muscle activity during computer-based office work in relation to self-reported job demands and gender,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 89, no. 3-4, pp. 352–358, 2003. View at Scopus
  51. L. Rosendal, A. K. Blangsted, J. Kristiansen et al., “Interstitial muscle lactate, pyruvate and potassium dynamics in the trapezius muscle during repetitive low-force arm movements, measured with microdialysis,” Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, vol. 182, no. 4, pp. 379–388, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. L. Rosendal, B. Larsson, J. Kristiansen et al., “Increase in muscle nociceptive substances and anaerobic metabolism in patients with trapezius myalgia: microdialysis in rest and during exercise,” Pain, vol. 112, no. 3, pp. 324–334, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. B. Larsson, L. Rosendal, J. Kristiansen et al., “Responses of algesic and metabolic substances to 8 h of repetitive manual work in myalgic human trapezius muscle,” Pain, vol. 140, no. 3, pp. 479–490, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. G. Sjøgaard, L. Rosendal, J. Kristiansen et al., “Muscle oxygenation and glycolysis in females with trapezius myalgia during stress and repetitive work using microdialysis and NIRS,” European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 657–669, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. F. Kadi, C. Ahlgren, K. Waling, G. Sundelin, and L.-E. Thornell, “The effects of different training programs on the trapezius muscle of women with work-related neck and shoulder myalgia,” Acta Neuropathologica, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 253–258, 2000. View at Scopus
  56. L. L. Andersen, K. Hansen, O. S. Mortensen, and M. K. Zebis, “Prevalence and anatomical location of muscle tenderness in adults with nonspecific neck/shoulder pain,” BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, vol. 12, article 169, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. J. H. Andersen and S. Mikkelsen, “The placebo effect revisited,” Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, vol. 38, no. 2, p. 182, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. L. L. Andersen, “The placebo effect revisited—author response,” Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 183–184, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  59. H. Landsberger, Hawthorne Revisited: Management and the Worker, Its Critics, and Developments in Human Relations in Industry, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA, 1958.
  60. Q. Shi, E. S. Pavey, and R. E. Carter, “Bonferroni-based correction factor for multiple, correlated endpoints,” Pharmaceutical Statistics, vol. 11, pp. 300–309, 2012.
  61. E. N. Zuniga, X. T. Truong, and D. G. Simons, “Effects of skin electrode position on averaged electromyographic potentials,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 264–272, 1970. View at Scopus
  62. A. Gydikov and D. Kosarov, “Volume conduction of the potentials from separate motor units in human muscle,” Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 127–147, 1972. View at Scopus
  63. S. H. Roy, C. J. de Luca, and J. Schneider, “Effects of electrode location on myoelectric conduction velocity and median frequency estimates,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 1510–1517, 1986. View at Scopus
  64. A. J. Fuglevand, D. A. Winter, A. E. Patla, and D. Stashuk, “Detection of motor unit action potentials with surface electrodes: influence of electrode size and spacing,” Biological Cybernetics, vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 143–153, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  65. D. A. Winter, A. J. Fuglevand, and S. E. Archer, “Crosstalk in surface electromyography: theoretical and practical estimates,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 15–26, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  66. K. S. Türker, “Electromyography: some methodological problems and issues,” Physical Therapy, vol. 73, pp. 698–710, 1993.
  67. C. M. Sommerich, S. M. B. Joines, V. Hermans, and S. D. Moon, “Use of surface electromyography to estimate neck muscle activity,” Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 377–398, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus