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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 264020, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/264020
Review Article

Actinomycetes: A Repertory of Green Catalysts with a Potential Revenue Resource

1Dr. D. Y Patil Biotechnology & Bioinformatics Institute, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune 411 033, India
2System Biology Research Center, School of Life Sciences, University of Skövde, P.O. Box 408, 541 28 Skövde, Sweden
3Department of Microbiology, University of Pune, Pune 411 007, India

Received 25 December 2012; Revised 27 March 2013; Accepted 28 March 2013

Academic Editor: Bertrand Aigle

Copyright © 2013 Divya Prakash et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Biocatalysis, one of the oldest technologies, is becoming a favorable alternative to chemical processes and a vital part of green technology. It is an important revenue generating industry due to a global market projected at $7 billion in 2013 with a growth of 6.7% for enzymes alone. Some microbes are important sources of enzymes and are preferred over sources of plant and animal origin. As a result, more than 50% of the industrial enzymes are obtained from bacteria. The constant search for novel enzymes with robust characteristics has led to improvisations in the industrial processes, which is the key for profit growth. Actinomycetes constitute a significant component of the microbial population in most soils and can produce extracellular enzymes which can decompose various materials. Their enzymes are more attractive than enzymes from other sources because of their high stability and unusual substrate specificity. Actinomycetes found in extreme habitats produce novel enzymes with huge commercial potential. This review attempts to highlight the global importance of enzymes and extends to signify actinomycetes as promising harbingers of green technology.