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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 278392, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/278392
Review Article

Pharmacological Intervention of Nicotine Dependence

1National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110029, India
2Department of Psychiatry, National Drug Dependence Treatment Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110029, India

Received 5 April 2013; Accepted 7 October 2013

Academic Editor: Stelvio M. Bandiera

Copyright © 2013 Raka Jain et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nicotine dependence is a major cause of mortality and morbidity all over the world. Various medications have been tried to treat nicotine dependence including nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, and varenicline. A newer venture to nicotine dependence treatment is a nicotine vaccine which is yet to get footsteps in common practice. The present review assimilates various pharmacotherapeutic measures to address nicotine dependence. However, it is to be noted that psychological interventions, when combined with pharmacotherapy, offer the greatest benefits to the patients.