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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 285420, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/285420
Research Article

Occupational Allergic Diseases in Kitchen and Health Care Workers: An Underestimated Health Issue

1Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, 9026480 Eskisehir, Turkey
2Ankara Cankaya 4th Primary Care, 9006100 Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Dumlupinar University, 9043100 Kutahya, Turkey

Received 22 August 2013; Revised 14 October 2013; Accepted 14 October 2013

Academic Editor: Ralph Mösges

Copyright © 2013 Ugur Bilge et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. This study evaluated the frequencies of allergic symptoms and rate of upper respiratory infections during the past year in the general population, kitchen workers (KW) and health care workers (HCW). Methods. The European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) was used to inquire retrospectively about asthma and asthma-like symptoms and the number of treatments required for previous upper respiratory tract infections (URTI: acute pharyngitis, acute sinusitis, etc.) during the past year for health care workers, kitchen workers, and members of the general population. Adjusted odds ratios by gender, age, and smoking status were calculated. Results. 579 subjects (186 from the general population, 205 KW, and 188 HCW; 263 females, 316 males) participated in the study. Noninfectious (allergic) rhinitis was significantly higher in the HCW and KW groups than in the general population ( ). Cumulative asthma was significantly higher only in the HCW group ( ). In addition, the HCW and KW groups had significantly higher risks of ≥2/year URTI (OR: 1.59, 95% CI: 1.07–2.38 versus OR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.05–2.38) than the general population. Conclusion. Occupational allergic respiratory diseases are an important and growing health issue. Health care providers should become familiar with workplace environments and environmental causes of occupational rhinitis and asthma.