About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 309723, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/309723
Review Article

Diagnostic Procedures and Management of Dry Eye

1Department of Ophthalmology, Clinical Hospital Dubrava, Avenija Gojka Šuška 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2Department of Ophthalmology, University Clinic Vuk Vrhovac, Clinical Hospital Merkur, Zajčeva ulica 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Received 30 April 2013; Accepted 19 July 2013

Academic Editor: Fernando M. Penha

Copyright © 2013 Snježana Kaštelan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Behrens, J. J. Doyle, L. Stern et al., “Dysfunctional tear syndrome: a Delphi approach to treatment recommendations,” Cornea, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 900–907, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. D. O'Brien and L. M. T. Collum, “Dry eye: diagnosis and current treatment strategies,” Current Allergy and Asthma Reports, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 314–319, 2004. View at Scopus
  3. H. Nakamura, A. Kawakami, and K. Eguchi, “Mechanisms of autoantibody production and the relationship between autoantibodies and the clinical manifestations in Sjögren's syndrome,” Translational Research, vol. 148, no. 6, pp. 281–288, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. Vitali, S. Bombardieri, R. Jonsson et al., “Classification criteria for Sjögren's syndrome: a revised version of the European criteria proposed by the American-European Consensus Group,” Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 554–558, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. A. Smith, J. Albenz, C. Begley et al., “The epidemiology of dry eye disease: report of the epidemiology subcommittee of the international Dry Eye WorkShop (2007),” Ocular Surface, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 93–107, 2007. View at Scopus
  6. B. Miljanović, R. Dana, D. A. Sullivan, and D. A. Schaumberg, “Impact of dry eye syndrome on vision-related quality of life,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 143, no. 3, pp. 409–e2, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. A. Schaumberg, D. A. Sullivan, J. E. Buring, and M. R. Dana, “Prevalence of dry eye syndrome among US women,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 136, no. 2, pp. 318–326, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. A. Schaumberg, D. A. Sullivan, and M. R. Dana, “Epidemiology of dry eye syndrome,” Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 506, pp. 989–998, 2002. View at Scopus
  9. S. E. Moss, R. Klein, and B. E. K. Klein, “Prevalance of and risk factors for dry eye syndrome,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 118, no. 9, pp. 1264–1268, 2000. View at Scopus
  10. J. L. Gayton, “Etiology, prevalence, and treatment of dry eye disease,” Clinical Ophthalmology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 405–412, 2009. View at Scopus
  11. J. Clegg, J. Guest, A. Lehman, and A. Smith, “The annual cost of dry eye syndrome in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom among patients managed by ophthalmologists,” Ophthalmic Epidemiology, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 263–274, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Shimmura, J. Shimazaki, and K. Tsubota, “Results of a population-based questionnaire on the symptoms and lifestyles associated with dry eye,” Cornea, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 408–411, 1999. View at Scopus
  13. C. Yazdani, T. McLaughlin, J. E. Smeeding, and J. Walt, “Prevalence of treated dry eye disease in a managed care population,” Clinical Therapeutics, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1672–1682, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. W. B. Jackson, “Management of dysfunctional tear syndrome: a Canadian consensus,” Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 385–394, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. C. Pflugfelder, “Anti-inflammatory therapy of dry eye,” Ocular Surface, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 31–36, 2003. View at Scopus
  16. R. Latkany, “Dry eyes: etiology and management,” Current Opinion in Ophthalmology, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 287–291, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Kastelan, A. Lukenda, J. Salopek-Rabatic, J. Pavan, and M. Gotovac, “Dry eye symptoma and signs in long-term contact lens wearers,” Collegium Antropologicum, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 199–203, 2013.
  18. J. Salopek-Rabatic, J. Pavan, S. Kastelan, and L. Rabatic, “Glaucoma patients and contact lenses—how to fit—how to treat,” Collegium Antropologicum, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 195–199, 2013.
  19. E. Goto, Y. Yagi, Y. Matsumoto, and K. Tsubota, “Impaired functional visual acuity of dry eye patients,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 133, no. 2, pp. 181–186, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. M. Schiffman, M. D. Christianson, G. Jacobsen, J. D. Hirsch, and B. L. Reis, “Reliability and validity of the ocular surface disease index,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 615–621, 2000. View at Scopus
  21. F. D. Pinho Tavares, R. S. Fernandes, T. F. Bernardes, A. A. Bonfioli, and E. J. Carneiro Soares, “Dry eye disease,” Seminars in Ophthalmology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 84–93, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. P. Buchholz, C. S. Steeds, L. S. Stern et al., “Utility assessment to measure the impact of dry eye disease,” Ocular Surface, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 155–161, 2006. View at Scopus
  23. F. Eperjesi, M. Aujla, and H. Bartlett, “Reproducibility and repeatability of the OcuSense TearLab osmometer,” Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 250, no. 8, pp. 1201–1205, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. V. Karampatakis, A. Karamitsos, A. Skriapa, and G. Pastiadis, “Comparison between normal values of 2- and 5-minute schirmer test without anesthesia,” Cornea, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 497–501, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. Yokoi, A. J. Bron, J. M. Tiffany, K. Maruyama, A. Komuro, and S. Kinoshita, “Relationship between tear volume and tear meniscus curvature,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 122, no. 9, pp. 1265–1269, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. J. Bron, V. E. Evans, and J. A. Smith, “Grading of corneal and conjunctival staining in the context of other dry eye tests,” Cornea, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 640–650, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. B. Abelson, G. W. Ousler III, L. A. Nally, D. Welch, and K. Krenzer, “Alternative reference values for tear film break up time in normal and dry eye populations,” Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 506, pp. 1121–1125, 2002. View at Scopus
  28. E. Toker and E. Asfuroǧlu, “Corneal and conjunctival sensitivity in patients with dry eye: the effect of topical cyclosporine therapy,” Cornea, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 133–140, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. G. W. Ousler III, K. W. Hagberg, M. Schindelar, D. Welch, and M. B. Abelson, “The ocular protection index,” Cornea, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 509–513, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. T. Fujihara, T. Takeuchi, K. Saito, Y. Kitajima, T. K. Kobayashi, and K. Tsubota, “Evaluation of human conjunctival epithelium by a combination of brush cytology and flow cytometry: an approach to the quantitative technique,” Diagnostic Cytopathology, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 456–460, 1997.
  31. A. J. Bron, M. B. Abelson, G. Ousler et al., “Methodologies to diagnose and monitor dry eye disease: report of the diagnostic methodology subcommittee of the international Dry Eye Workshop (2007),” Ocular Surface, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 108–152, 2007. View at Scopus
  32. W. Stevenson, S. K. Chauhan, and R. Dana, “Dry eye disease: an immune-mediated ocular surface disorder,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 130, no. 1, pp. 90–100, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. C. Pflugfelder, G. Geerling, S. Kinoshita et al., “Management and therapy of dry eye disease: report of the management and therapy subcommittee of the international Dry Eye WorkShop (2007),” Ocular Surface, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 163–178, 2007. View at Scopus
  34. B. Miljanović, K. A. Trivedi, M. R. Dana, J. P. Gilbard, J. E. Buring, and D. A. Schaumberg, “Relation between dietary n-3 and n-6 fatty acids and clinically diagnosed dry eye syndrome in women,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 887–893, 2005. View at Scopus
  35. S. Barabino, M. Rolando, P. Camicione et al., “Systemic linoleic and γ-linolenic acid therapy in dry eye syndrome with an inflammatory component,” Cornea, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 97–101, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. T. Kojima, R. Ishida, M. Dogru et al., “The effect of autologous serum eyedrops in the treatment of severe dry eye disease: a prospective randomized case-control study,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 242–246, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. S. Kinoshita, K. Oshiden, S. Awamura, H. Suzuki, and N. Nakamichi, “A randomized, multicenter phase 3 study comparing 2% rebamipide (OPC-12759) with 0.1% sodium hyaluronate in the treatment of dry eye,” Ophthalmology, vol. 120, no. 6, pp. 1158–1165, 2013.
  38. S. A. Baxter and P. R. Laibson, “Punctal plugs in the management of dry eyes,” Ocular Surface, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 255–265, 2004. View at Scopus
  39. K. Tsubota, M. Yamada, and K. Urayama, “Spectacle side panels and moist inserts for the treatment of dry-eye patients,” Cornea, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 197–201, 1994. View at Scopus
  40. P. Rosenthal, J. M. Cotter, and J. Baum, “Treatment of persistent corneal epithelial defect with extended wear of a fluid-ventilated gas-permeable scleral contact lens,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 130, no. 1, pp. 33–41, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus