Table 3: Association of workplace violence with occupational stress measured in 2005. Logistic regression analysis, Odds ratios (ORs), and 95% CIs (unadjusted and adjusted for age, gender, job, and department) and Nagelkerke (explained variance) of significant associations.

VariableDemand1Control2Support2Job strain1

Physical aggression ( )
 Un.2.39 (1.19–4.81)*  
1.44 (0.70–2.94)2.10 (1.03–4.30)*  
4.29 (1.94–9.49)***  
 Ad.2.11 (1.12–4.38)*  
1.95 (0.93–4.09)1.95 (0.94–4.06)4.94 (2.18–11.18)***  
Nonphysical aggression ( )
 Un.4.69 (2.71–8.09)***  
2.02 (1.19–3.43)**  
3.04 (1.80–5.16)***  
5.59 (3.17–9.87)***  
 Ad.4.24 (2.40–7.49)***  
2.78 (1.59–4.87)***  
2.87 (1.66–4.94)***  
6.61 (3.64–12.0)***  

Effort1Reward2Overcommitment1E/R imbalance1

Physical aggression ( )
 Un.2.78 (1.38–5.59)**  
2.46 (1.18–5.14)*  
2.03 (1.06–3.91)*  
4.35 (1.97–9.62)***  
 Ad.2.69 (1.31–5.55)**  
2.44 (1.15–5.18)*  
2.00 (1.02–3.90)*  
4.33 (1.92–9.74)***  
Nonphysical aggression ( )
 Un.3.39 (2.07–5.57)***  
2.70 (1.62–4.51)***  
1.68 (1.06–2.65)*  
4.16 (2.45–7.04)***  
 Ad.3.28 (1.95–5.51)***  
2.79 (1.64–4.75)***  
1.62 (1.01–2.61)*  
4.14 (2.39–7.15)***  

Anxiety1Depression1

Physical aggression ( )
 Un.3.85 (1.80–8.24)***  
3.39 (1.62–7.09)***  
 Ad.5.00 (2.27–11.0)***  
4.04 (1.89–8.62)***  
Nonphysical aggression ( )
 Un.2.14 (1.34–4.33)***  
2.32 (1.45–3.73)***  
 Ad.2.61 (1.60–4.30)***  
2.66 (1.61–4.39)***  

Higher than median value; 2lower than median value.
* ; ** ; *** .