Table 2: Characteristics of the experimental intervention in the trials included in the review.

StudyType exerciseIntensity/duration 
(wk)
VolumeFrequency 
( per wk)
Time 
(min)
Length 
(wk)
Supervision

Mutimura et al., 2008 [24]Aerobic exercise45%HRmax/3  
60% HRmax/6
75% HRmax/15
15 min warm-up
60 min exercise
15 min cool-down
39024Yes
Resistance exerciseNINI39024Yes

Hand et al., 2008 [25]Aerobic exercise50–70% HRmax5 min warm-up
30 min exercise
5 min cool-down
2406NR
Resistance exercise12 RM1 set—12 reps2206NR

Pérez-Moreno et al., 2007 [26]Aerobic exercise
Cycle ergometer
70–80% HRmax10 min warm-up
20 min exercise
10 min cool-down
320–4016Yes
Resistance exercise12–15 RM1-2 set
12–15 reps
35016Yes

Fillipaset al., 2006 [28]Aerobic exercise60% HRmax/3
75% HRmax/3
5 min warm-up
20 min exercise
5 min cool-down
2306Yes
Resistive exercise60% MR
80% MR
3 sets
10 reps
2306Yes

Dolan et al., 2006 [27]Aerobic exercise60% HRmax/2
75% HRmax/14
5 min warm-up
20–30 min exercise
33516Yes
Resistive exercise60–70% MR/2
80% MR/12
3-4 sets
8–10 reps
38516Yes

Driscoll et al., 2004 [29]Aerobic exercise
Stationary bicycle
60% HRmax/2
75% HRmax/14
5 min warm-up
20–30 min exercise
33512Yes
Resistance exercise60–70% MR/4
80% MR/12
5 min cool-down
3-4 sets
8–10 reps
32512Yes

Rojas et al., 2003 [30]Aerobic exercise60–80% HRmax10 min warm-up
25 min exercise
10 min cool-down
35012NR
Resistive exercise60–70% MR/4
80% MR/12
2-3 sets
8 reps
3NI12NR

Rigsby et al., 1992 [31]Aerobic exercise60–80% HRmax2 min warm-up
30 min exercise
3 min cool-down
33612NR
Resistive exerciseNI1–3 sets
6–18 reps
32412NR

NR: not reported; maximum heart rate (HRmax); MR: maximal repetition; reps: repetitions.