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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 343914, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/343914
Review Article

Fructation In Vivo: Detrimental and Protective Effects of Fructose

Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vassyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, 57 Shevchenko Street, Ivano-Frankivsk 76025, Ukraine

Received 29 April 2013; Accepted 20 June 2013

Academic Editor: Francieli Moro Stefanello

Copyright © 2013 H. M. Semchyshyn. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

There is compelling evidence that long-term intake of excessive fructose can have deleterious side effects in different experimental models. However, the role of fructose in vivo remains controversial, since acute temporary application of fructose is found to protect yeast as well as animal tissues against exogenous oxidative stress. This review suggests the involvement of reactive carbonyl and oxygen species in both the cytotoxic and defensive effects of fructose. Potential mechanisms of the generation of reactive species by fructose in the nonenzymatic reactions, their implication in the detrimental and protective effects of fructose are discussed.