- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 349129, 8 pages
Effects of Flavonoids on Rumen Fermentation Activity, Methane Production, and Microbial Population
1Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Agriculture Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), East and North-East Branch, P.O. Box 91735/844, Mashhad, Iran
3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, International Branch, P.O. Box 91779/4888, Mashhad, Iran
Received 14 April 2013; Revised 12 August 2013; Accepted 26 August 2013
Academic Editor: Nico Boon
Copyright © 2013 Ehsan Oskoueian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- A. K. Patra and J. Saxena, “A new perspective on the use of plant secondary metabolites to inhibit methanogenesis in the rumen,” Phytochemistry, vol. 71, no. 11-12, pp. 1198–1222, 2010.
- I. Karakurt, G. Aydin, and K. Aydiner, “Sources and mitigation of methane emissions by sectors: a critical review,” Renewable Energy, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 40–48, 2012.
- C. H. Ponce, D. R. Smith, M. E. Branine, M. E. Hubbert, and M. L. Galyean, “Effects of type of ionophore and carrier on in vitro ruminal dry matter disappearance, gas production, and fermentation end products of a concentrate substrate,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 171, no. 2-4, pp. 223–229, 2012.
- D. J. Nisbet, T. R. Callaway, T. S. Edrington, R. C. Anderson, and N. Krueger, “Effects of the dicarboxylic acids malate and fumarate on E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica typhimurium populations in pure culture and in mixed ruminal microorganism fermentations,” Current Microbiology, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 488–492, 2009.
- M. F. Iqbal, Y. Cheng, W. Zhu, and B. Zeshan, “Mitigation of ruminant methane production: current strategies, constraints and future options,” World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 2747–2755, 2008.
- N. J. Nusbaum, “Dairy livestock methane remediation and global warming,” Journal of Community Health, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 500–502, 2010.
- D. N. Kamra, M. Pawar, and B. Singh, “Effect of plant secondary metabolites on rumen methanogens and methane emissions by ruminants,” in Dietary Phytochemicals and Microbes, A. K. Patra, Ed., pp. 351–370, Springer, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2012.
- Z. Durmic and D. Blache, “Bioactive plants and plant products: effects on animal function, health and welfare,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 176, no. 1–4, pp. 150–162, 2012.
- L. J. McGaw and J. N. Eloff, “Ethnoveterinary use of southern African plants and scientific evaluation of their medicinal properties,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 119, no. 3, pp. 559–574, 2008.
- S. Rochfort, A. J. Parker, and F. R. Dunshea, “Plant bioactives for ruminant health and productivity,” Phytochemistry, vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 299–322, 2008.
- A. Crozier, I. B. Jaganath, and M. N. Clifford, “Phenols, polyphenols and Tannins: an overview,” in Plant Secondary Metabolites, A. Crozier, M. N. Clifford, and H. Ashihara, Eds., pp. 1–24, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 2007.
- R. Bodas, N. Prieto, R. Garcia-Gonzalez, S. Andres, F. J. Giraldez, and S. Lopez, “Manipulation of rumen fermentation and methane production with plant secondary metabolites,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 176, no. 1–4, pp. 78–93, 2012.
- L. M. Berger, S. Wein, R. Blank, C. C. Metges, and S. Wolffram, “Bioavailability of the flavonol quercetin in cows after intraruminal application of quercetin aglycone and rutin,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 95, no. 9, pp. 5047–5055, 2012.
- A. Gohlke, C. J. Ingelmann, G. Nurnberg, A. Starke, S. Wolffram, and C. C. Metges, “Bioavailability of quercetin from its aglycone and its glucorhamnoside rutin in lactating dairy cows after intraduodenal administration,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 96, no. 4, pp. 2303–2313, 2013.
- D. Tedesco, A. Tava, S. Galletti et al., “Effects of silymarin, a natural hepatoprotector, in periparturient dairy cows,” Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 87, no. 7, pp. 2239–2247, 2004.
- J. Balcells, A. Aris, A. Serrano, A. R. Seradj, J. Crespo, and M. Devant, “Effects of an extract of plant flavonoids (Bioflavex) on rumen fermentation and performance in heifers fed high-concentrate diets,” Journal of Animal Science, vol. 90, no. 13, pp. 4975–4984, 2012.
- H. P. S. Makkar, “In vitro gas methods for evaluation of feeds containing phytochemicals,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 123-124, pp. 291–302, 2005.
- K. H. Menke and H. Steingass, “Estimation of the energetic feed value obtained from chemical analysis and in vitro gas production using rumen fluid,” Animal Research and Development, vol. 28, pp. 7–55, 1988.
- E. Oskoueian, N. Abdullah, W. Z. Saad, A. R. Omar, M. B. Puteh, and Y. W. Ho, “Anti-nutritional metabolites and effect of treated Jatropha curcas kernel meal on rumen fermentation in vitro,” Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 214–220, 2011.
- AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis, pp. 64–87, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA, 15th edition, 1990.
- E. Ørskov and I. McDonald, “The estimation of protein degradability in the rumen from incubation measurements weighted according to rate of passage,” The Journal of Agricultural Science, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 499–503, 1979.
- SAS Institute Inc, SAS user’s guide: Statistics. SAS for Windows, Release 9. 1. 3., SAS Institute Inc, Cary, NC, USA, 2003.
- Universiti Putra Malaysia Animal Care and Use Committee, Reference No. UPM/FPV/PS/3. 2. 1. 551/AUP-R32, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, 2008.
- A. K. Patra, D. N. Kamra, and N. Agarwal, “Effect of plant extracts on in vitro methanogenesis, enzyme activities and fermentation of feed in rumen liquor of buffalo,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 128, no. 3-4, pp. 276–291, 2006.
- W. Z. Saad, N. Abdullah, A. R. Alimon, and Y. W. Ho, “Effects of phenolic monomers on the enzymes activities and volatile fatty acids production of Neocallimastix frontalis B9,” Anaerobe, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 118–122, 2008.
- G. L. Miller, “Use of dinitrosalicylic acid reagent for determination of reducing sugar,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 426–428, 1959.
- M. M. Bradford, “A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein dye binding,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 72, no. 1-2, pp. 248–254, 1976.
- H. P. S. Makkar and K. Becker, “Purine quantification in digesta from ruminants by spectrophotometric and HPLC methods,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 107–112, 1999.
- T. Huber, G. Faulkner, and P. Hugenholtz, “Bellerophon: a program to detect chimeric sequences in multiple sequence alignments,” Bioinformatics, vol. 20, no. 14, pp. 2317–2319, 2004.
- S. F. Altschul, T. L. Madden, A. A. Schäffer et al., “Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST: a new generation of protein database search programs,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 25, no. 17, pp. 3389–3402, 1997.
- M. Li, G. B. Penner, E. Hernandez-Sanabria, M. Oba, and L. L. Guan, “Effects of sampling location and time, and host animal on assessment of bacterial diversity and fermentation parameters in the bovine rumen,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 107, no. 6, pp. 1924–1934, 2009.
- M. H. Tavendale, L. P. Meagher, D. Pacheco, N. Walker, G. T. Attwood, and S. Sivakumaran, “Methane production from in vitro rumen incubations with Lotus pedunculatus and Medicago sativa, and effects of extractable condensed tannin fractions on methanogenesis,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 123-124, pp. 403–419, 2005.
- T. P. T. Cushnie and A. J. Lamb, “Recent advances in understanding the antibacterial properties of flavonoids,” International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 99–107, 2011.
- T. P. T. Cushnie and A. J. Lamb, “Antimicrobial activity of flavonoids,” International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 343–356, 2005.
- C. S. McSweeney, B. Palmer, D. M. McNeill, and D. O. Krause, “Microbial interactions with tannins: nutritional consequences for ruminants,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 91, no. 1-2, pp. 83–93, 2001.
- A. H. Smith, E. Zoetendal, and R. I. Mackie, “Bacterial mechanisms to overcome inhibitory effects of dietary tannins,” Microbial Ecology, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 197–205, 2005.
- J. Lowry and P. Kennedy, “Fermentation of flavonols by rumen organisms,” Proceeding of Australian Society of Animal Production, vol. 21, p. 366, 1996.
- C. McSweeney and R. Mackie, “Gastrointestinal detoxification and digestive disorders in ruminant animals,” in Gastrointestinal Microbiology, R. Mackie and B. White, Eds., pp. 583–634, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 1997.
- D. N. Kamra, N. Agarwal, and L. C. Chaudhary, “Inhibition of ruminal methanogenesis by tropical plants containing secondary compounds,” International Congress Series, vol. 1293, pp. 156–163, 2006.
- L. Broudiscou, Y. Papon, and A. F. Broudiscou, “Effects of dry plant extracts on feed degradation and the production of rumen microbial biomass in a dual outflow fermenter,” Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol. 101, no. 1–4, pp. 183–189, 2002.
- T. Zhang and H. H. P. Fang, “Applications of real-time polymerase chain reaction for quantification of microorganisms in environmental samples,” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 281–289, 2006.
- A. L. Simons, M. Renouf, S. Hendrich, and P. A. Murphy, “Human gut microbial degradation of flavonoids: structure-function relationships,” Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 10, pp. 4258–4263, 2005.
- L. E. Alcaraz, S. E. Blanco, O. N. Puig, F. Tomas, and F. H. Ferretti, “Antibacterial activity of flavonoids against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains,” Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol. 205, no. 2, pp. 231–240, 2000.
- O. K. Mirzoeva, R. N. Grishanin, and P. C. Calder, “Antimicrobial action of propolis and some of its components: t he effects on growth, membrane potential and motility of bacteria,” Microbiological Research, vol. 152, no. 3, pp. 239–246, 1997.
- S. E. Denman and C. S. McSweeney, “Development of a real-time PCR assay for monitoring anaerobic fungal and cellulolytic bacterial populations within the rumen,” FEMS Microbiology Ecology, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 572–582, 2006.
- J. T. Sylvester, S. K. R. Karnati, Z. Yu, M. Morrison, and J. L. Firkins, “Development of an assay to quantify rumen ciliate protozoal biomass in cows using real-time PCR,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 134, no. 12, pp. 3378–3384, 2004.
- Y. Yu, C. Lee, J. Kim, and S. Hwang, “Group-specific primer and probe sets to detect methanogenic communities using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction,” Biotechnology and Bioengineering, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 670–679, 2005.
- S. Koike and Y. Kobayashi, “Development and use of competitive PCR assays for the rumen cellulolytic bacteria: Fibrobacter succinogenes, Ruminococcus albus and Ruminococcus flavefaciens,” FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 204, no. 2, pp. 361–366, 2001.