Table 2: Daily energy and nutrient intake of the 3 groups of patients (by BMI category) compared to the recommended daily intake (DRI). NW: normal weight, OW: overweight, OB: obese.

NW
OW
OB
DRI

Energy intake (Kcal/day)1995 ± 2822126 ± 2642216 ± 358*
Energy intake (Kcal/Kg°/day)32.9 ± 4.933.9 ± 4.035.5 ± 6.825–30a,c,e,g,h,i
Protein# (% kcal/day)15.4 ± 1.415.7 ± 2.615.2 ± 1.0
Protein# (g/Kg°/day)1.27 ± 0.21.32 ± 0.21.38 ± 0.20.8–1.0a,c,e,g,h,i
(g/Kg°)1.20 ± 0.21.25 ± 0.21.29 ± 0.3
Carbohydrates (% kcal/day)53.8 ± 4.250.3 ± 6.1*51.6 ± 4.750–60d,e,h,i
Total Fat (% kcal)28.9 ± 3.431.9 ± 6.5**31.3 ± 2.8*25–35a,b,c,d,e,g,i; <30h;
Saturated fat (% kcal/day)7.8 ± 1.38.9 ± 1.9*8.2 ± 1.3<7a,d,i; <8c; <10g,h
Monounsaturated fat (% kcal/day)16.1 ± 2.117.5 ± 3.517.3 ± 1.9>20b,c,d,i; 10–15h
Polyunsaturated fat (% kcal/day)3.2 ± 0.23.6 ± 0.9**3.7 ± 0.7**>10b,d,h,i
Omega 3 (% kcal/day)0.50 ± 0.10.57 ± 0.1*0.52 ± 0.1
Omega 3 (g/day)1.12 ± 0.21.34 ± 0.4**1.27 ± 0.32-3c,f
Omega 6 (% kcal/day)2.67 ± 0.33.00 ± 0.93.15 ± 0.7*8–10c
Omega 6 (g/day)5.94 ± 1.37.12 ± 2.5*7.89 ± 2.7**10f
Omega 6/Omega 35.41 ± 1.35.62 ± 2.16.38 ± 2.31/1 to 4/1j
Fiber (g/day)21.3 ± 5.920.8 ± 5.525.1 ± 8.320–30b,c,d,h,i
Cholesterol intake (mg/day)169.5 ± 55.9185.2 ± 49.1171.7 ± 76.8<200b,d; <300h
Food sodium intake# (mg/day)1750 ± 6011892 ± 5592171 ± 671
Total NaCl (g/day)10.3 ± 4.211.3 ± 3.412.7 ± 3.16–8c,e,h; <6d,k
Calcium (mg/day)663 ± 170747 ± 207710 ± 158800–1500c,g,h
Phosphorus (mg/day)1112 ± 2421237 ± 2471188 ± 2121200–1500g,h

kg of ideal weight; #estimated by diet record;   evaluated by urinary excretion of NaCl or Urea; DRI: dietary reference intakes; * versus NW, ** versus NW.
a[1], b[2], c[3], d[4], e[5], f[6], g[7], h[8], i[9], j[53] k[25].