About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 374950, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/374950
Research Article

Hippuric Acid as a Significant Regulator of Supersaturation in Calcium Oxalate Lithiasis: The Physiological Evidence

1Department of Clinical Laboratory and Clinical Immunology, Medical University, “G. Sofiisky” Boulevard 1, 1431 Sofia, Bulgaria
2Institute of Physical Chemistry, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

Received 2 April 2013; Revised 7 September 2013; Accepted 8 September 2013

Academic Editor: Seiichi Saito

Copyright © 2013 Stoyanka S. Atanassova and Ivan S. Gutzow. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Ramello, C. Vitale, and M. Marangella, “Epidemiology of nephrolithiasis,” Journal of Nephrology, vol. 13, no. 3, supplement, pp. S45–S50, 2000. View at Scopus
  2. M. Amato, M. L. Lusini, and F. Nelli, “Epidemiology of nephrolithiasis today,” Urologia Internationalis, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 1–5, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. Trinchieri, C. Castelnuovo, R. Lizzano, and G. Zanetti, “Calcium stone disease: a multiform reality,” Urological Research, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 194–198, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Grases, A. Costa-Bauza, and R. M. Prieto, “Renal lithiasis and nutrition,” Nutrition Journal, vol. 5, no. 1, article 23, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. Y. C. Pak, “Hypercalciuric calcium nephrolithiasis,” in Urolithiasis: A Medical and Surgical Reference, M. I. Resnick and C. Y. C. Pak, Eds., pp. 79–88, W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1990.
  6. J. M. Baumann, B. Affolter, U. Caprez, and U. Henze, “Calcium oxalate aggregation in whole urine, new aspects of calcium stone formation and metaphylaxis,” European Urology, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 421–425, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. R. G. Hahn and M. Sikk, “Glycine loading and urinary oxalate excretion,” Urologia Internationalis, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 14–16, 1994. View at Scopus
  8. N. Fituri, N. Allawi, M. Bentley, and J. Costello, “Urinary and plasma oxalate during ingestion of pure ascorbic acid: a re-evaluation,” European Urology, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 312–315, 1983. View at Scopus
  9. A. W. Williams and D. M. Wilson, “Dietary intake, absorption, metabolism, and excretion of oxalate,” Seminars in Nephrology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 2–6, 1990. View at Scopus
  10. J. N. Lange, K. D. Wood, J. Knight, D. G. Assimos, and R. P. Holmes, “Glyoxal formation and its role in endogenous oxalate synthesis,” Advances in Urology, vol. 81, pp. 9202–9205, 2012.
  11. I. F. Ghalayini, M. A. Al-Ghazo, and M. N. A. Harfeil, “Prophylaxis and therapeutic effects of Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) on renal stone formation in Balb/c mice,” International Brazilian Journal of Urology, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 259–266, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. L. P. Amsel and G. Levy, “Drug biotransformation interactions in man—II. A pharmacokinetic study of the simultaneous conjugation of benzoic and salicylic acids with glycine,” Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 321–326, 1969. View at Scopus
  13. L. D. Pagnotto and L. M. Lieberman, “Urinary hippuric acid excretion as an index of toluene exposure,” American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 129–134, 1967. View at Scopus
  14. A. Quick, “The conjugation of benzoic acid in man,” Journal Biological Chemistry, vol. 92, pp. 65–68, 1931.
  15. I. Gutzow, S. Atanassova, and G. Budevsky, “Kinetics of dissolution of calcium oxalate calculi in physiological solutions containing hippuric acid,” Crystal Research & Technology, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 533–554, 1991.
  16. I. Gutzow, S. Atanassova, G. Budevsky, and K. Neykov, “Solubility, inhibited growth and dissolution kinetics of calcium oxalate crystals in solutions, containing hippuric acid,” Urological Research, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 181–185, 1993. View at Scopus
  17. N. Boshev, “The biological constants in humans,” in Medicine i Fizkultura, pp. 387–406, State Publishing House, Sofia, Bulgaria, 1986.
  18. C. F. van Sumere, H. Teuchy, H. Pé, R. Verbeke, and J. Bekaert, “Quantitative investigation on the hippuric acid formation in healthy and diseased individuals,” Clinica Chimica Acta, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 85–88, 1969. View at Scopus
  19. G. Hammarsten, “On calcium oxalate and its solubility in the presence of inorganic salts with special reference to the occurrence of oxaluria,” Comptes-Rendus des Travaux du Laboratoire Carlsberg, vol. 17, p. 1, 1921.
  20. P. Leskovar, “Methoden und techniken zum erfassen der kristalle in wassrigen losungen, unter besonderer berucksichtigung der problemstellugen in der harnsteinforschung,” Aktuell Nephrologie, vol. 12, pp. 149–175, 1979.
  21. R. H. Doremus, S. Teich, and P. X. Silvis, “Crystallization of calcium oxalate from synthetic urine,” Investigative Urology, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 469–472, 1978. View at Scopus
  22. W. G. Robertson, M. Peacock, and B. E. Nordin, “Activity products in stone-forming and non-stone-forming urine,” Clinical Science, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 579–594, 1968. View at Scopus
  23. W. C. Thomas Jr., H. Marjorie, H. Malagodi, and O. M. Rennert, “Urinary excretion of amino acids by subjects with renal calculi,” in Urolithiasis. Clinical and Basic Research, L. H. Smith, W. G. Robertson, and B. Finlayson, Eds., pp. 77–80, Plenum Press, London, UK, 1981.
  24. O. Budevsky, Foundation of Chemical Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1979.
  25. H. J. Binder, “Intestinal oxalate absorption,” Gastroenterology, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 441–446, 1974. View at Scopus
  26. M. Menon and C. J. Mahle, “Oxalate metabolism and renal caculi,” Journal of Urology, vol. 127, no. 1, pp. 148–151, 1982. View at Scopus
  27. M. Sugita, H. Aikawa, K. Suzuki et al., “Urinary hippuric acid excretion in everyday life,” Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, vol. 13, no. 4-5, pp. 185–190, 1988. View at Scopus
  28. R. L. Gambardella and K. E. Richardson, “The pathways of oxalate formation from phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan and ascorbic acid in the rat,” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, vol. 499, no. 1, pp. 156–168, 1977. View at Scopus
  29. V. Y. A. Kraevsky, Atlas of Microscopic Precipitates in Urine, Medicine Publishers, Moscow, Russia, 1976, (Russian).
  30. M. Allison, H. M. Cook, and D. B. Milne, “Oxalate degradation by gastrointestinal bacteria from humans,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 116, no. 3, pp. 455–460, 1986. View at Scopus
  31. J. Hamilton-Miler, “Letters,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 272, p. 588, 1994.
  32. I. Gutzow, S. Atanassova, and K. Neykov, “Solubility and crystallization in biological fluids and the problems of life and health,” Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol. 74, no. 10, pp. 1785–1792, 2002. View at Scopus