About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 431465, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/431465
Research Article

Fibrinogen-Induced Streptococcus mutans Biofilm Formation and Adherence to Endothelial Cells

1Department of Oral Diagnosis and Surgery, Araraquara Dental School, State University of São Paulo, 14801-903 Araraquara, SP, Brazil
2Oral Ecology Research Group, Faculty of Dentistry, Laval University, 2420 Rue de la Terrasse, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1V 0A6
3Department of Physiology and Pathology, Araraquara Dental School, State University of São Paulo, 14801-903 Araraquara, SP, Brazil

Received 13 May 2013; Revised 20 August 2013; Accepted 30 August 2013

Academic Editor: Edouard Tuaillon

Copyright © 2013 Telma Blanca Lombardo Bedran et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. N. Takahashi and B. Nyvad, “Caries ecology revisited: microbial dynamics and the caries process,” Caries Research, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 409–418, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. N. Takahashi and B. Nyvad, “The role of bacteria in the caries process: ecological perspectives,” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 294–303, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Koo, J. Xiao, and M. I. Klein, “Extracellular polysaccharides matrix—an often forgotten virulence factor in oral biofilm research,” International Journal of Oral Science, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 229–234, 2009. View at Scopus
  4. T. A. Brown Jr., S.-J. Ahn, R. N. Frank, Y.-Y. M. Chen, J. A. Lemos, and R. A. Burne, “A hypothetical protein of Streptococcus mutans is critical for biofilm formation,” Infection and Immunity, vol. 73, no. 5, pp. 3147–3151, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. B. Parahitiyawa, L. J. Jin, W. K. Leung, W. C. Yam, and L. P. Samaranayake, “Microbiology of odontogenic bacteremia: beyond endocarditis,” Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 46–64, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Nakano, H. Nemoto, R. Nomura et al., “Detection of oral bacteria in cardiovascular specimens,” Oral Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 64–68, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. Mylonakis and S. B. Calderwood, “Infective endocarditis in adults,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 345, no. 18, pp. 1318–1330, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. W. I. Douglas, J. Heath, K. K. Hampton, and F. E. Preston, “Identity of viridans streptococci isolated from cases of infective endocarditis,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 179–182, 1993. View at Scopus
  9. M. R. Parsek and P. K. Singh, “Bacterial biofilms: an emerging link to disease pathogenesis,” Annual Review of Microbiology, vol. 57, pp. 677–701, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C.-J. Jung, C.-Y. Yeh, C.-T. Shun et al., “Platelets enhance biofilm formation and resistance of endocarditis-inducing streptococci on the injured heart valve,” Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 205, no. 7, pp. 1066–1075, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. F. Stins, N. V. Prasadarao, J. Zhou, M. Arditi, and K. S. Kim, “Bovine brain microvascular endothelial cells transfected with SV40-large T antigen: development of an immortalized cell line to study pathophysiology of CNS disease,” In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 243–247, 1997. View at Scopus
  12. H. V. Shivaprasad, R. Rajesh, B. L. Nanda, K. K. Dharmappa, and B. S. Vishwanath, “Thrombin like activity of Asclepias curassavica L. latex: action of cysteine proteases,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 123, no. 1, pp. 106–109, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. R. Freedman, “The pathogenesis of infective endocarditis,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 20, pp. 1–6, 1987. View at Scopus
  14. J. W. Weisel, “Fibrinogen and fibrin,” Advances in Protein Chemistry, vol. 70, pp. 247–299, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Abranches, L. Zeng, M. Bélanger et al., “Invasion of human coronary artery endothelial cells by Streptococcus mutans OMZ175,” Oral Microbiology and Immunology, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 141–145, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. L. Cheung, M. Krishnan, E. A. Jaffe, and V. A. Fischetti, “Fibrinogen acts as a bridging molecule in the adherence of Staphylococcus aureus to cultured human endothelial cells,” Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol. 87, no. 6, pp. 2236–2245, 1991. View at Scopus
  17. A. M. Beg, M. N. Jones, T. Miller-Torbert, and R. G. Holt, “Binding of Streptococcus mutans to extracellular matrix molecules and fibrinogen,” Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol. 298, no. 1, pp. 75–79, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. Kelemen, S. Rizk, M. Debreczeny, J. Ogier, and B. Szalontai, “Streptococcal antigen I/II binds to extracellular proteins through intermolecular β-sheets,” FEBS Letters, vol. 566, no. 1–3, pp. 190–194, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. S. Courtney, D. L. Hasty, and J. B. Dale, “Anti-phagocytic mechanisms of Streptococcus pyogenes: binding of fibrinogen to M-related protein,” Molecular Microbiology, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 936–947, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Schubert, K. Zakikhany, M. Schreiner et al., “A fibrinogen receptor from group B Streptococcus interacts with fibrinogen by repetitive units with novel ligand binding sites,” Molecular Microbiology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 557–569, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. L. Bonifait, L. Grignon, and D. Grenier, “Fibrinogen induces biofilm formation by Streptococcus suis and enhances its antibiotic resistance,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 74, no. 15, pp. 4969–4972, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus