About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 431825, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/431825
Research Article

Creation of an Adiposity Index for Children Aged 6–8 Years: The Gateshead Millennium Study

1Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 4LP, UK
2Department of Statistics, Glasgow University, Glasgow G12 8QW, UK
3Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
4Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
5PEACH Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Glasgow University, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK

Received 4 April 2013; Accepted 9 August 2013

Academic Editor: Nina Cecilie Øverby

Copyright © 2013 Mark S. Pearce et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. Maziak, K. D. Ward, and M. B. Stockton, “Childhood obesity: are we missing the big picture?” Obesity Reviews, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 35–42, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. McPherson, M. Brown, T. Marsh, and T. Byatt, Obesity: Recent Trends in Children Aged 2–11 y and 12–19 y. Analysis From the Health Survey For England 1993–2007, National Heart Forum, 2009.
  3. J. J. Reilly, E. Methven, Z. C. McDowell et al., “Health consequences of obesity,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 748–752, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. Wang, T. C. Wild, W. Kipp, S. Kuhle, and P. J. Veugelers, “The influence of childhood obesity on the development of self-esteem,” Health Reports, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 21–27, 2009. View at Scopus
  5. J. J. Reilly, A. R. Dorosty, and P. M. Emmett, “Identification of the obese child: adequacy of the body mass index for clinical practice and epidemiology,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 1623–1627, 2000. View at Scopus
  6. J. J. Reilly, “Diagnostic accuracy of the BMI for age in paediatrics,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 595–597, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. Lemieux, A. Pascot, C. Couillard et al., “Hypertriglyceridemic waist: a marker of the atherogenic metabolic triad (hyperinsulinemia; hyperapolipoprotein B; small, dense LDL) in men?” Circulation, vol. 102, no. 2, pp. 179–184, 2000. View at Scopus
  8. J. H. Himes and W. H. Dietz, “Guidelines for overweight in adolescent preventive services: recommendations from an expert committee,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 307–316, 1994. View at Scopus
  9. S. E. Barlow, “Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report,” Pediatrics, vol. 120, pp. S164–S192, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. J. Reilly, J. Wilson, J. H. McColl, M. Carmichael, and J. V. G. A. Durnin, “Ability of biolectric impedance to predict fat-free mass in prepubertal children,” Pediatric Research, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 176–179, 1996. View at Scopus
  11. L. Parker, J. J. Reilly, C. Slater, J. C. K. Wells, and Y. Pitsiladis, “Validity of six field and laboratory methods for measurement of body composition in boys,” Obesity Research, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 852–858, 2003. View at Scopus
  12. C. M. Wright, A. Sherriff, S. C. G. Ward, J. H. McColl, J. J. Reilly, and A. R. Ness, “Development of bioelectrical impedance-derived indices of fat and fat-free mass for assessment of nutritional status in childhood,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 210–217, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. Parkinson, C. Wright, and R. Drewett, “The gateshead millennium baby study: a prospective study of feeding and growth,” International Journal of Social Research Methodology, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 335–347, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. K. N. Parkinson, M. S. Pearce, and A. Dale, “Cohort profile: the gateshead millennium study,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 308–317, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. T. J. Cole, M. C. Bellizzi, K. M. Flegal, and W. H. Dietz, “Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide. International survey,” British Medical Journal, vol. 320, no. 7244, pp. 1240–1243, 2000. View at Scopus
  16. T. J. Cole, K. M. Flegal, D. Nicholls, and A. A. Jackson, “Body mass index cut offs to define thinness in children and adolescents. International survey,” British Medical Journal, vol. 335, no. 7612, pp. 194–197, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T. J. Cole, J. V. Freeman, and M. A. Preece, “Body mass index reference curves for the UK, 1990,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 25–29, 1995. View at Scopus
  18. S. A. Bingham, A. Cassidy, T. J. Cole et al., “Validation of weighed records and other methods of dietary assessment using the 24 h urine nitrogen technique and other biological markers,” British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 531–550, 1995. View at Scopus
  19. H. D. McCarthy, K. V. Jarrett, and H. F. Crawley, “The development of waist circumference percentiles in British children aged 5.0–16.9 y,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 902–907, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. World Health Organisation, “Use and interpretation of anthropometric indicators of nutritional status,” Bull World Health Organ, vol. 64, pp. 929–941, 1986.
  21. World Health Organisation, Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry, World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland, 1995.
  22. N. Cameron, The Measurement of Human Growth, Croom Helm, Kent, UK, 1984.
  23. G. G. Harrison, E. R. Buskirk, J. E. Lindsay Carter, et al., “Skinfold thicknesses and measurement technique,” in Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual, T. G. Lohman, A. F. Roche, and R. Martorell, Eds., pp. 55–70, Human Kinetics Books, Champaign, Ill, USA, 1988.
  24. N. Cameron, “The methods of auxological anthropometry,” in Human Growth, F. Falkner and J. M. Tanner, Eds., vol. 2, pp. 35–90, Bailliere Tindall, London, UK, 1978.
  25. J. H. Wilmore, R. A. Frisancho, C. C. Gordon, et al., “Body breadth equipment and measurement techniques,” in Anthropometric Standardization Reference Manual, T. G. Lohman, A. F. Roche, and R. Martorell, Eds., pp. 27–38, Human Kinetics Books, Champaign, Ill, USA, 1988.
  26. N. Cameron, L. L. Jones, P. L. Griffiths, S. A. Norris, and J. M. Pettifor, “How well do waist circumference and body mass index reflect body composition in pre-pubertal children?” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 63, no. 9, pp. 1065–1070, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. del Mar Biblioni, A. Pons, and J. A. Tur, “Defining body fatness in adolescents: a proposal of the Afad—a classification,” PloS ONE, vol. 8, Article ID e55849, 2013.
  28. T. S. Olds, “One million skinfolds: secular trends in the fatness of young people 1951–2004,” European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 934–946, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. C. K. Wells, N. J. Fuller, O. Dewit, M. S. Fewtrell, M. Elia, and T. J. Cole, “Four-component model of body composition in children: density and hydration of fat-free mass and comparison with simpler models,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 904–912, 1999. View at Scopus