About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 474963, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/474963
Research Article

Association between Inflammatory Marker, Environmental Lead Exposure, and Glutathione S-Transferase Gene

1Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
2Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
3Office of Research Academic and Innovation, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
4Health Office, Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand, Nonthaburi 11130, Thailand

Received 2 November 2012; Accepted 12 December 2012

Academic Editor: Marija Mostarica-Stojković

Copyright © 2013 Jintana Sirivarasai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. Gurer-Orhan, H. U. Sabir, and H. Ozgunes, “Correlation between clinical indicators of lead poisoning and oxidative stress parameters in controls and lead-exposed workers,” Toxicology, vol. 195, no. 2-3, pp. 147–154, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Pande and S. J. S. Flora, “Lead induced oxidative damage and its response to combined administration of α-lipoic acid and succimers in rats,” Toxicology, vol. 177, no. 2-3, pp. 187–196, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. H. Kim, K. H. Lee, D. H. Yoo, et al., “GSTM1 and TNF-α gene polymorphism and relations between blood lead and inflammatory markers in a non-occupational population,” Mutation Research, vol. 629, no. 1, pp. 32–39, 2007.
  4. D. A. Khan, S. Qayyum, S. Saleem, and F. A. Khan, “Lead-induced oxidative stress adversely affects health of the occupational workers,” Toxicology and Industrial Health, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 611–618, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. R. S. Dwivedi, “Lead exposure alters the drug metabolic activity and the homeostasis of essential metal ions in the lenticular system of the rat,” Environmental Pollution, vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 61–66, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. A. Daggett, T. D. Oberley, S. A. Nelson, L. S. Wright, S. E. Kornguth, and F. L. Siegel, “Effects of lead on rat kidney and liver: GST expression and oxidative stress,” Toxicology, vol. 128, no. 3, pp. 191–206, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. N. Songdej, P. C. Winters, M. J. McCabe, and E. V. Wijngaarden, “A population-based assessment of blood lead levels in relation to inflammation,” Environmental Research, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 272–277, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Sritara, S. Cheepudomwit, N. Chapman et al., “Twelve-year changes in vascular risk factors and their associations with mortality in a cohort of 3499 Thais: the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand study,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 461–468, 2003. View at Scopus
  9. K. S. Subramanian and J. C. Meranger, “A rapid electrothermal atomic absorption spectrophotometric method for cadmium and lead in human whole blood,” Clinical Chemistry, vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 1866–1871, 1981. View at Scopus
  10. R. Dominici, P. Luraschi, and C. Franzini, “Measurement of C-reactive protein: two high sensitivity methods compared,” Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 280–284, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. A. Miller, D. D. Dykes, and H. F. Polesky, “A simple salting out procedure for extracting DNA from human nucleated cells,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 16, no. 3, article 1215, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. R. Packer, M. Yeager, B. Stats, et al., “SNP 500 cancer: a public resource for sequence validation and assay development for genetic variation in candidate genes,” Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 32, pp. D528–D534, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. I. Iavicoli, G. Carelli, E. J. Stanek, N. Castellino, and E. J. Calabrese, “Below background levels of blood lead impact cytokine levels in male and female mice,” Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, vol. 210, no. 1-2, pp. 94–99, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. G. Falq, A. Zeghnoun, M. Pascal et al., “Blood lead levels in the adult population living in France the French Nutrition and Health Survey (ENNS 2006-2007),” Environment International, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 565–571, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. V. Wietlisbach, M. Rickenbach, M. Berode, and M. Guillemin, “Time trend and determinants of blood lead levels in a Swiss population over a transition period (1984–1993) from leaded to unleaded gasoline use,” Environmental Research, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 82–90, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Galazyn-Sidorczuk, M. M. Brzóska, and J. Moniuszko-Jakoniuk, “Estimation of Polish cigarettes contamination with cadmium and lead, and exposure to these metals via smoking,” Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 137, no. 1–3, pp. 481–493, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. Kim and D. A. Lawrence, “Immunotoxic effects of inorganic lead on host resistance of mice with different circling behavior preferences,” Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 305–317, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. P. Mishra, V. K. Singh, R. Rani et al., “Effect of lead exposure on the immune response of some occupationally exposed individuals,” Toxicology, vol. 188, no. 2-3, pp. 251–259, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. I. Anetor and F. A. Adeniyi, “Decreased immune status in Nigerian workers occupationally exposed to lead,” African journal of medicine and medical sciences, vol. 27, no. 3-4, pp. 169–172, 1998. View at Scopus
  20. N. D. Vaziri and M. Khan, “Interplay of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide in the pathogenesis of experimental lead-induced hypertension,” Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 920–925, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. H. D. Intengan and E. L. Schiffrin, “Vascular remodeling in hypertension: roles of apoptosis, inflammation, and fibrosis,” Hypertension, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 581–587, 2001. View at Scopus
  22. X. Guo, S. J. O'Brien, Y. Zeng, G. W. Nelson, and C. A. Winkler, “GSTM1 and GSTT1 gene deletions and the risk for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Han Chinese,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1760–1763, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. Khansakorn, P. Sritara, J. Sirivarasai, et al., “Impact of GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1 polymorphism and environmental lead exposure on oxidative stress biomarkers,” Scientific Research and Essays, vol. 6, no. 31, pp. 6540–6547, 2011.
  24. D. D. Kwon, J. W. Lee, D. Y. Han et al., “Relationship between the glutathione-S-transferase P1, M1, and T1 genotypes and prostate cancer risk in Korean subjects,” Korean Journal of Urology, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 247–252, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. C. W. Mak, S. P. Ho, H. C. M. Leung et al., “Relationship between glutathione S-transferase gene polymorphisms and enzyme activity in Hong Kong Chinese asthmatics,” Clinical and Experimental Allergy, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 1150–1157, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. Gundacker, K. J. Wittmann, M. Kukuckova, G. Komarnicki, I. Hikkel, and M. Gencik, “Genetic background of lead and mercury metabolism in a group of medical students in Austria,” Environmental Research, vol. 109, no. 6, pp. 786–796, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. J. Bernier, P. Brousseau, K. Krzystyniak, H. Tryphonas, and M. Fournier, “Immunotoxicity of heavy metals in relation to Great Lakes,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 103, Supplement 9, pp. 23–34, 1995. View at Scopus
  28. Y. Heo, W. T. Lee, and D. A. Lawrence, “Differential effects of lead and cAMP on development and activities of Th1- and Th2-lymphocytes,” Toxicological Sciences, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 172–185, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. F. G. Hage and A. J. Szalai, “C-reactive protein gene polymorphisms, C-reactive protein blood levels, and cardiovascular disease risk,” Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 1115–1122, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. G. M. Fuller and Z. Zhang, “Transcriptional control mechanism of fibrinogen gene expression,” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 936, pp. 469–479, 2001. View at Scopus