About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 489032, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/489032
Research Article

Does Cryopreservation of Ovarian Tissue Affect the Distribution and Function of Germinal Vesicle Oocytes Mitochondria?

1Anatomy Department, Tarbiat Modares University, P.O. Box 14115-111, Tehran, Iran
2Division of Medical Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, 141 86 Stockholm, Sweden
3School of Biology, Damghan University, P.O. Box 3671641167, Damghan, Iran

Received 6 April 2013; Revised 16 June 2013; Accepted 17 June 2013

Academic Editor: Heide Schatten

Copyright © 2013 Mojdeh Salehnia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. Mochida, A. Hasegawa, M. W. Li, et al., “High osmolality vitrification: a new method for the simple and temperature-permissive cryopreservation of mouse embryos,” PLoS ONE, vol. 8, no. 1, Article ID e49316, 2013.
  2. N. Desai, F. AbdelHafez, M. Y. Ali et al., “Mouse ovarian follicle cryopreservation using vitrification or slow programmed cooling: assessment of in vitro development, maturation, ultra-structure and meiotic spindle organization,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W.-J. Choi, H.-J. Yeo, J.-K. Shin, S.-A. Lee, J.-H. Lee, and W.-Y. Paik, “Effect of vitrification method on survivability, follicular growth and ovulation of preantral follicles in mice,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 128–133, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. K. Cha, B. Y. Kim, M. K. Kim, et al., “Effects of various combinations of cryoprotectants and cooling speed on the survival and further development of mouse oocytes after vitrification,” Clinical Experimental Reproductive Medicin, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 24–30, 2011.
  5. D. Boonkusol, T. Faisaikarm, A. Dinnyes, and Y. Kitiyanant, “Effects of vitrification procedures on subsequent development and ultrastructure of in vitro-matured swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) oocytes,” Reproduction, Fertility and Development, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 383–391, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Haidari, M. Salehnia, and M. Rezazadeh Valojerdi, “The effect of leukemia inhibitory factor and coculture on the in vitro maturation and ultrastructure of vitrified and nonvitrified isolated mouse preantral follicles,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 2389–2397, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Abedelahi, M. Salehnia, A. A. Allameh, and D. Davoodi, “Sodium selenite improves the in vitro follicular development by reducing the reactive oxygen species level and increasing the total antioxidant capacity and glutathione peroxide activity,” Human Reproduction, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 977–985, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Segino, M. Ikeda, F. Hirahara, and K. Sato, “In vitro follicular development of cryopreserved mouse ovarian tissue,” Reproduction, vol. 130, no. 2, pp. 187–192, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Jones, J. Van Blerkom, P. Davis, and A. A. Toledo, “Cryopreservation of metaphase II human oocytes effects mitochondrial membrane potential: implications for developmental competence,” Human Reproduction, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 1861–1866, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. Liang, F.-Y. Ning, W.-J. Du, C.-S. Wang, S.-H. Piao, and T.-Z. An, “The type and extent of injuries in vitrified mouse oocytes,” Cryobiology, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 97–102, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Demant, T. Trapphoff, T. Fröhlich, G. J. Arnold, and U. Eichenlaub-Ritter, “Vitrification at the pre-antral stage transiently alters inner mitochondrial membrane potential but proteome of in vitro grown and matured mouse oocytes appears unaffected,” Human Reproduction, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 1096–1111, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C.-L. Yan, X.-W. Fu, G.-B. Zhou, X.-M. Zhao, L. Suo, and S.-E. Zhu, “Mitochondrial behaviors in the vitrified mouse oocyte and its parthenogenetic embryo: effect of Taxol pretreatment and relationship to competence,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 959–966, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. X.-M. Zhao, W.-H. Du, D. Wang et al., “Effect of cyclosporine pretreatment on mitochondrial function in vitrified bovine mature oocytes,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 95, no. 8, pp. 2786–2788, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. X.-M. Zhao, W.-H. Du, D. Wang et al., “Recovery of mitochondrial function and endogenous antioxidant systems in vitrified bovine oocytes during extended in vitro culture,” Molecular Reproduction and Development, vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 942–950, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. X.-M. Zhao, X.-W. Fu, Y.-P. Hou et al., “Effect of vitrification on mitochondrial distribution and membrane potential in mouse two pronuclear (2-PN) embryos,” Molecular Reproduction and Development, vol. 76, no. 11, pp. 1056–1063, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. D. L. Reyes, J. Palomino, V. H. Parraguez, M. Hidalgo, and P. Saffie, “Mitochondrial distribution and meiotic progression in canine oocytes during in vivo and in vitro maturation,” Theriogenology, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 346–353, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. H. El Shourbagy, E. C. Spikings, M. Freitas, and J. C. St. John, “Mitochondria directly influence fertilisation outcome in the pig,” Reproduction, vol. 131, no. 2, pp. 233–245, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. Liu, Y. Li, X. Gao, J.-H. Yan, and Z.-J. Chen, “Changes in the distribution of mitochondria before and after in vitro maturation of human oocytes and the effect of in vitro maturation on mitochondria distribution,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 93, no. 5, pp. 1550–1555, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Q. Y. Sun, G. M. Wu, L. Lai et al., “Translocation of active mitochondria during pig oocyte maturation, fertilization and early embryo development in vitro,” Reproduction, vol. 122, no. 1, pp. 155–163, 2001. View at Scopus
  20. L.-Y. Wang, D.-H. Wang, X.-Y. Zou, and C.-M. Xu, “Mitochondrial functions on oocytes and preimplantation embryos,” Journal of Zhejiang University B, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 483–492, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. Müller-Höcker, S. Schäfer, S. Weis, C. Münscher, and T. Strowitzki, “Morphological-cytochemical and molecular genetic analyses of mitochondria in isolated human oocytes in the reproductive age,” Molecular Human Reproduction, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 951–958, 1996. View at Scopus
  22. P. Reynier, P. May-Panloup, M.-F. Chrétien et al., “Mitochondrial DNA content affects the fertilizability of human oocytes,” Molecular Human Reproduction, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 425–429, 2001. View at Scopus
  23. T. A. Santos, S. El Shourbagy, and J. C. St. John, “Mitochondrial content reflects oocyte variability and fertilization outcome,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 584–591, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. Van Blerkom, P. Davis, and S. Alexander, “Differential mitochondrial distribution in human pronuclear embryos leads to disproportionate inheritance between blastomeres: relationship to microtubular organization, ATP content and competence,” Human Reproduction, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2621–2633, 2000. View at Scopus
  25. S. Manipalviratn, Z.-B. Tong, B. Stegmann, E. Widra, J. Carter, and A. Decherney, “Effect of vitrification and thawing on human oocyte ATP concentration,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 95, no. 5, pp. 1839–1841, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Salehnia, E. A. Moghadam, and M. R. Velojerdi, “Ultrastructure of follicles after vitrification of mouse ovarian tissue,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 644–645, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. M. R. Valojerdi and M. Salehnia, “Developmental potential and ultrastructural injuries of metaphase II (MII) mouse oocytes after slow freezing or vitrification,” Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 119–127, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. Van Blerkom, P. W. Davis, and J. Lee, “ATP content of human oocytes and developmental potential and outcome after in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer,” Human Reproduction, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 415–424, 1995. View at Scopus
  29. J. Van Blerkom, P. Davis, and S. Alexander, “Inner mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), cytoplasmic ATP content and free Ca2+ levels in metaphase II mouse oocytes,” Human Reproduction, vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 2429–2440, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. S. T. Smiley, M. Reers, C. Mottola-Hartshorn et al., “Intracellular heterogeneity in mitochondrial membrane potentials revealed by a J-aggregate-forming lipophilic cation JC-1,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 88, no. 9, pp. 3671–3675, 1991. View at Scopus
  31. C. P. LeBel, H. Ischiropoulos, and S. C. Bondy, “Evaluation of the probe 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescin as an indicator of reactive oxygen species formation and oxidative stress,” Chemical Research in Toxicology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 227–231, 1992. View at Scopus
  32. H. J. Chang, J. H. Moon, J. R. Lee, B. C. Jee, C. S. Suh, and S. H. Kim, “Optimal condition of vitrification method for cryopreservation of human ovarian cortical tissues,” Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 1092–1101, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. J. Saragusty and A. Arav, “Current progress in oocyte and embryo cryopreservation by slow freezing and vitrification,” Reproduction, vol. 141, no. 1, pp. 1–19, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. T. Mazoochi, M. Salehnia, M. R. Valojerdi, and S. J. Mowla, “Morphologic, ultrastructural, and biochemical identification of apoptosis in vitrified-warmed mouse ovarian tissue,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 90, no. 4, pp. 1480–1486, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. Gualtieri, M. Iaccarino, V. Mollo, M. Prisco, S. Iaccarino, and R. Talevi, “Slow cooling of human oocytes: ultrastructural injuries and apoptotic status,” Fertility and Sterility, vol. 91, no. 4, pp. 1023–1034, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. Ramalho-Santos, S. Varum, S. Amaral, P. C. Mota, A. P. Sousa, and A. Amaral, “Mitochondrial functionality in reproduction: from gonads and gametes to embryos and embryonic stem cells,” Human Reproduction Update, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 553–572, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. A. M. Tarazona, J. I. Rodríguez, L. F. Restrepo, and M. Olivera-Angel, “Mitochondrial activity, distribution and segregation in bovine oocytes and in embryos produced in vitro,” Reproduction in Domestic Animals, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 5–11, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. B. D. Bavister and J. M. Squirrell, “Mitochondrial distribution and function in oocytes and early embryos,” Human Reproduction, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 189–198, 2000. View at Scopus
  39. P. G. Calarco, “Polarization of mitochondria in the unfertilized mouse oocyte,” Developmental Genetics, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 36–43, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. J. Van Blerkom, P. Davis, and S. Alexander, “Differential mitochondrial distribution in human pronuclear embryos leads to disproportionate inheritance between blastomeres: relationship to microtubular organization, ATP content and competence,” Human Reproduction, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 2621–2633, 2000. View at Scopus
  41. S. Nagai, T. Mabuchi, S. Hirata et al., “Correlation of abnormal mitochondrial distribution in mouse oocytes with reduced developmental competence,” Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine, vol. 210, no. 2, pp. 137–144, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. W.-Q. Shi, S.-E. Zhu, D. Zhang et al., “Improvement development by Taxol pretreatment after vitrification of in vitro matured porcine oocytes,” Reproduction, vol. 131, no. 4, pp. 795–804, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. L.-Y. Shi, H.-F. Jin, J.-G. Kim et al., “Ultra-structural changes and developmental potential of porcine oocytes following vitrification,” Animal Reproduction Science, vol. 100, no. 1-2, pp. 128–140, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. L. M. Mehlmann, M. Terasaki, L. A. Jaffe, and D. Kline, “Reorganization of the endoplasmic reticulum during meiotic maturation of the mouse oocyte,” Developmental Biology, vol. 170, no. 2, pp. 607–615, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. J. Van Blerkom and M. N. Runner, “Mitochondrial reorganization during resumption of arrested meiosis in the mouse oocyte,” American Journal of Anatomy, vol. 171, no. 3, pp. 335–355, 1984. View at Scopus
  46. M. Reers, S. T. Smiley, C. Mottola-Hartshorn, A. Chen, M. Lin, and L. B. C. Lan Bo Chen, “Mitochondrial membrane potential monitored by JC-1 dye,” Methods in Enzymology, vol. 260, pp. 406–417, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. T. Ducibella, R. M. Schultz, and J.-P. Ozil, “Role of calcium signals in early development,” Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 324–332, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. D. Kline, L. Mehlmann, C. Fox, and M. Terasaki, “The cortical endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of the mouse egg: localization of ER clusters in relation to the generation of repetitive calcium waves,” Developmental Biology, vol. 215, no. 2, pp. 431–442, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. K. M. Lowther, V. N. Weitzman, D. Maier, and L. M. Mehlmann, “Maturation, fertilization, and the structure and function of the endoplasmic reticulum in cryopreserved mouse oocytes,” Biology of Reproduction, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 147–154, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. T. Ducibella and R. Fissore, “The roles of Ca2+, downstream protein kinases, and oscillatory signaling in regulating fertilization and the activation of development,” Developmental Biology, vol. 315, no. 2, pp. 257–279, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. C. Gómez-Fernández, A. M. López-Guerrero, E. Pozo-Guisado, I. S. Álvarez, and F. J. Martín-Romero, “Calcium signaling in mouse oocyte maturation: the roles of STIM1, ORAI1 and SOCE,” Molecular Human Reproduction, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 194–203, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. S. Miyazaki, “Thirty years of calcium signals at fertilization,” Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 233–243, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. M. G. Larman, C. B. Sheehan, and D. K. Gardner, “Calcium-free vitrification reduces cryoprotectant-induced zona pellucida hardening and increases fertilization rates in mouse oocytes,” Reproduction, vol. 131, no. 1, pp. 53–61, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. Chandra, A. Samali, and S. Orrenius, “Triggering and modulation of apoptosis by oxidative stress,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 29, no. 3-4, pp. 323–333, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus