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Figure 2: Comparison of the structure of endosphere and rhizosphere bacterial communities associated with grapevines along an aridity transect in the Mediterranean basin. (a) Principal component analysis (PCA) of the PCR-DGGE profiles of endophyte (E) and rhizosphere (R) fractions associated with grapevine cultivated in Italy (IT), Tunisia (TN), and Egypt (ET). Samples were run and analyzed in triplicate. (b)-(c) Statistical analysis was applied to the average values of endophyte and rhizosphere samples along axis 1 and axis 2, respectively, of the PCA analysis. Statistical significance was evaluated according to the Student’s t-test and is indicated in every graph.