Table 1: Clinical, clinimetric, and anthropometric characteristics of SSc patients.

SSclSSc dSSc value (lSSc versus dSSc)

Age (years)59.92 ± 13.4960.28 ± 13.2559.31 ± 14.01NS
Disease duration (years)10.58 ± 7.4210.28 ± 8.06 11.05 ± 6.39NS
HADS-D6.14 ± 3.975.96 ± 3.896.44 ± 4.11NS
HADS-A6.66 ± 4.096.57 ± 3.846.80 ± 4.11NS
RSES21.30 ± 4.2021.23 ± 4.1621.42 ± 4.31NS
COPE NVI SS subscale 24.46 ± 7.1524.88 ± 6.9523.82 ± 7.47NS
COPE NVI AS subscale 22.02 ± 5.0622.26 ± 5.1421.64 ± 4.97NS
COPE NVI PA subscale 29.90 ± 6.9530.13 ± 6.9329.55 ± 7.06NS
COPE NVI PS subscale 24.92 ± 5.6424.72 ± 5.2225.23 ± 6.30NS
COPE NVI TO subscale 24.12 ± 5.2823.76 ± 4.9024.66 ± 5.84NS
COPE NIV total score127.97 ± 28.83129.97 ± 34.23124.89 ± 17.42NS
Right HAMIS 5.19 ± 5.363.82 ± 4.627.40 ± 5.77<0.001
Left HAMIS5.03 ± 5.123.58 ± 4.087.40 ± 5.77<0.001
CHFDS10.68 ± 13.109.60 ± 15.3612.51 ± 11.25<0.05
Right hand opening 3.40 ± 1.343.65 ± 1.293.01 ± 1.34<0.05
Left hand opening 3.28 ± 1.383.49 ± 1.442.95 ± 1.24<0.05
Right fist closure 0.79 ± 1.40 0.53 ± 1.171.19 ± 1.61<0.01
Left fist closure left0.82 ± 1.420.51 ± 1.191.30 ± 1.62<0.001
MHISS total18.12 ± 11.2116.26 ± 11.1321.18 ± 10.77<0.05
MHISS mouth opening8.14 ± 6.096.91 ± 63110.18 ± 5.180.001
MHISS Sicca syndrome6.96 ± 5.266.92 ± 4.917.02 ± 5.85NS
MHISS aesthetic concerns3.43 ± 2.933.08 ± 3.004.00 ± 2.76NS
Mouth opening 3.89 ± 0.104.14 ± 0.883.47 ± 1.040.001
HAQ0.63 ± 0.650.55 ± 0.700.76 ± 0.53<0.05
FACIT-F14.08 ± 9.6212.77 ± 9.5816.20 ± 9.41<0.05

Legend: values are presented as mean ± SD; SSc: systemic sclerosis; NS: not significant; HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; RSES: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale; COPE NIV: Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced-New Italian Version (SS: social support subscale; AS: avoidance strategies subscale; PA: positive attitude subscale; PS: problem solving subscale; TO: transcendent orientation subscale); HAMIS: Hand Mobility In Scleroderma Test); CHFDS: Cochin Hand Functional Disability Scale; MHISS: Mouth Handicap in Systemic Sclerosis Scale; HAQ: Health Assessment Questionnaire; FACIT-F: Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale.