Table 2: Correlations of HADS-D and HADS-A with psychological and physical variables.

HADS-D HADS-A
value value

Age (years)NSNS
Disease duration (years)NSNS
RSES<0.001−0.555<0.001−0.483
COPE NIV SS subscale NS<0.050.291
COPE NIV AS subscale 0.0010.304<0.0010.494
COPE NIV PA subscale NSNS
COPE NIV PS subscale NSNS
COPE NIV TO subscale NSNS
COPE NIV total scoreNS0.01−0.243
HAMIS right0.010.228NS
HAMIS left<0.050.213NS
HAMIS mean0.010.223NS
CHFDS<0.0010.338<0.050.199
Right hand opening NSNS
Left hand openingNSNS
Right fist closure NSNS
Left fist closure NSNS
MHISS mouth opening<0.0010.390<0.0010.328
MHISS Sicca syndrome<0.0010.4180.0010.292
MHISS aesthetic concerns<0.0010.317<0.050.259
MHISS tot<0.0010.482<0.0010.365
Mouth opening0.01−0.228NS
HAQ<0.0010.4060.0010.310
FACIT<0.0010.616<0.0010.440

Legend: values are presented as mean ± SD; SSc: systemic sclerosis; NS: not significant; and values are presented as Pearson’s correlation.
HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; RSES: Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale; COPE NIV: Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced-New Italian Version (SS: social support subscale; AS: avoidance strategies subscale; PA: positive attitude subscale; PS: problem solving subscale; TO: transcendent orientation subscale); HAMIS: Hand Mobility In Scleroderma Test; CHFDS: Cochin Hand Functional Disability Scale; MHISS: Mouth Handicap in Systemic Sclerosis Scale; HAQ: Health Assessment Questionnaire; FACIT-F: Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale.