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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 534097, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/534097
Research Article

The Usefulness of 3-Dimensional Virtual Simulation Using Haptics in Training Orotracheal Intubation

1Department of Emergency Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Chung-Ang University Hospital, 224-1 Heoukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-757, Republic of Korea
2Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Chung-Ang University Hospital, 224-1 Heoukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-757, Republic of Korea
3Chung-Ang Institute for Simulation, Education, and Research, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Chung-Ang University Hospital, 224-1 Heoukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-757, Republic of Korea
4Medical Education of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, Chung-Ang University Hospital, 224-1 Heoukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-757, Republic of Korea
5School of Computer Science and Engineering, Chung-Ang University, 224 Heoukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, Republic of Korea
6Graduate School, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University, 224 Heoukseok-dong, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, Republic of Korea

Received 4 April 2013; Accepted 21 August 2013

Academic Editor: Theodoros Xanthos

Copyright © 2013 Dong Hoon Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. Airway control is the most critical treatment. The most common and basic method of endotracheal intubation is orotracheal intubation. To perform accurate and rapid tracheal intubation, appropriate education and training are required. We developed the virtual simulation program utilizing the 3-dimensional display and haptic device to exercise orotracheal intubation, and the educational effect of this program was compared with that of the mannequin method. Method. The control group used airway mannequin and virtual intubation group was trained with new program. We videotaped both groups during objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) with airway mannequin. The video was reviewed and scored, and the rate of success and time were calculated. Result. The success rate was 78.6% in virtual intubation group and 93.3% in control group ( ). There was no difference in overall score of OSCE (21.14 ± 4.28 in virtual intubation group and 23.33 ± 4.45 in control group, ), the time spent in successful intubation ( ), and the number of trials ( ). Conclusion. The virtual simulation with haptics had a similar effect compared with mannequin, but it could be more cost effective and convenient than mannequin training in time and space.