- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 538051, 8 pages
Using the Developmental Gene Bicoid to Identify Species of Forensically Important Blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae)
1Department of Legal Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, 126-1 Anamdong 5-ga, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-705, Republic of Korea
2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, CHA University Medical College, 43 Beolmal 30th-road, Gyeonggi-do, Seongnam 463-836, Republic of Korea
3Beijing Scales Forensic Center, 100 Chaoyangru, Chaoyang-qu, Beijing 100025, China
4Institute of Environmental Ecology, College of Science and Technology, Korea University, 126-1 Anamdong 5-ga, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-705, Republic of Korea
5Department of Science Education, Chinju National University of Education, 380 Shinandong, Gyeongsangnam-do, Jinju 660-756, Republic of Korea
Received 19 October 2012; Revised 7 January 2013; Accepted 16 January 2013
Academic Editor: Sanford I. Bernstein
Copyright © 2013 Seong Hwan Park et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- F. A. H. Sperling, G. S. Anderson, and D. A. Hickey, “A DNA-based approach to the identification of insect species used for postmorten interval estimation,” Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 418–427, 1994.
- J. D. Wells and J. R. Stevens, “Application of DNA-based methods in forensic entomology,” Annual Review of Entomology, vol. 53, pp. 103–120, 2008.
- E. P. Catts and M. L. Goff, “Forensic entomology in criminal investigations,” Annual Review of Entomology, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 253–272, 1992.
- J. Amendt, R. Krettek, and R. Zehner, “Forensic entomology,” Naturwissenschaften, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 51–65, 2004.
- F. H. Ullerich and M. Schöttke, “Karyotypes, constitutive heterochromatin, and genomic DNA values in the blowfly genera Chrysomya, Lucilia, and Protophormia (Diptera: Calliphoridae),” Genome, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 584–597, 2006.
- C. Ames, B. Turner, and B. Daniel, “The use of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene (COI) to differentiate two UK blowfly species—Calliphora vicina and Calliphora vomitoria,” Forensic Science International, vol. 164, no. 2-3, pp. 179–182, 2006.
- W. Y. Chen, T. H. Hung, and S. F. Shiao, “Molecular identification of forensically important blow fly species (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Taiwan,” Journal of Medical Entomology, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 47–57, 2004.
- M. L. Harvey, S. Gaudieri, M. H. Villet, and I. R. Dadour, “A global study of forensically significant calliphorids: implications for identification,” Forensic Science International, vol. 177, no. 1, pp. 66–76, 2008.
- S. H. Park, Y. Zhang, H. Piao et al., “Use of cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) nucleotide sequences for identification of the Korean Luciliinae Fly species (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in forensic investigations,” Journal of Korean Medical Science, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 1058–1063, 2009.
- S. H. Park, Y. Zhang, H. Piao et al., “Sequences of the cytochrome C oxidase subunit i (COI) gene are suitable for species identification of Korean calliphorinae flies of forensic importance (Diptera: Calliphoridae),” Journal of Forensic Sciences, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 1131–1134, 2009.
- S. Reibe, J. Schmitz, and B. Madea, “Molecular identification of forensically important blowfly species (Diptera: Calliphoridae) from Germany,” Parasitology Research, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 257–261, 2009.
- L. A. Nelson, J. F. Wallman, and M. Dowton, “Identification of forensically important Chrysomya (Diptera: Calliphoridae) species using the second ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS2),” Forensic Science International, vol. 177, no. 2-3, pp. 238–247, 2008.
- J. Stevens and R. Wall, “Genetic relationships between blowflies (Calliphoridae) of forensic importance,” Forensic Science International, vol. 120, no. 1-2, pp. 116–123, 2001.
- J. D. Wells, N. Lunt, and M. H. Villet, “Recent African derivation of Chrysomya putoria from C. chloropyga and mitochondrial DNA paraphyly of cytochrome oxidase subunit one in blowflies of forensic importance,” Medical and Veterinary Entomology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 445–448, 2004.
- J. D. Wells, R. Wall, and J. R. Stevens, “Phylogenetic analysis of forensically important Lucilia flies based on cytochrome oxidase I sequence: a cautionary tale for forensic species determination,” International Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 229–233, 2007.
- G. Sonet, K. Jordaens, Y. Braet, et al., “Why is the molecular identification of the forensically important blowfly species Lucilia caesar and L. illustris (family Calliphoridae) so problematic?” Forensic Science International, vol. 223, no. 1–3, pp. 153–159, 2012.
- F. Zaidi, S. J. Wei, M. Shi, et al., “Utility of multi-gene loci for forensic species diagnosis of blowflies,” Journal of Insect Science, vol. 11, p. 59, 2011.
- W. Driever and C. Nusslein-Volhard, “A gradient of bicoid protein in Drosophila embryos,” Cell, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 83–93, 1988.
- H. G. Frohnhofer and C. Nusslein-Volhard, “Organization of anterior pattern in the Drosophila embryo by the maternal gene bicoid,” Nature, vol. 324, no. 6093, pp. 120–125, 1986.
- A. P. McGregor, “How to get ahead: the origin, evolution and function of bicoid,” BioEssays, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 904–913, 2005.
- T. Gregor, A. P. McGregor, and E. F. Wieschaus, “Shape and function of the Bicoid morphogen gradient in dipteran species with different sized embryos,” Developmental Biology, vol. 316, no. 2, pp. 350–358, 2008.
- R. Schroder and K. Sander, “A comparison of transplantable bicoid activity and partial bicoid homeobox sequences in several Drosophila and blowfly species (Calliphoridae),” Roux's Archives of Developmental Biology, vol. 203, no. 1-2, pp. 34–43, 1993.
- M. Stauber, H. Jäckle, and U. Schmidt-Ott, “The anterior determinant bicoid of Drosophila is a derived Hox class 3 gene,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 96, no. 7, pp. 3786–3789, 1999.
- A. G. Clark, M. B. Eisen, D. R. Smith, et al., “Evolution of genes and genomes on the Drosophila phylogeny,” Nature, vol. 450, no. 7167, pp. 203–218, 2007.
- P. J. Shaw, A. Salameh, A. P. McGregor, S. Bala, and G. A. Dover, “Divergent structure and function of the bicoid gene in Muscoidea fly species,” Evolution and Development, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 251–262, 2001.
- R. Sommer and D. Tautz, “Segmentation gene expression in the housefly Musca domestica,” Development, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 419–430, 1991.
- R. Kano and S. Shinonaga, Calliphoridae (Insecta: Diptera), Biological [i.e. Biogeographical] Society of Japan, Tokyo, 1st edition, 1968.
- S. Kumar, M. Nei, J. Dudley, and K. Tamura, “MEGA: a biologist-centric software for evolutionary analysis of DNA and protein sequences,” Briefings in Bioinformatics, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 299–306, 2008.
- K. Tamura, J. Dudley, M. Nei, and S. Kumar, “MEGA4: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1596–1599, 2007.
- J. F. Baines, Y. Chen, A. Das, and W. Stephan, “DNA sequence variation at a duplicated gene: excess of replacement polymorphism and extensive haplotype structure in the Drosophila melanogaster bicoid region,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 989–998, 2002.
- M. C. Albani, N. H. Battey, and M. J. Wilkinson, “The development of ISSR-derived SCAR markers around the SEASONAL FLOWERING LOCUS (SFL) in Fragaria vesca,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 109, no. 3, pp. 571–579, 2004.
- M. M. Aveskamp, J. H. C. Woudenberg, J. de Gruyter, E. Turco, J. Z. Groenewald, and P. W. Crous, “Development of taxon-specific sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers based on actin sequences and DNA amplification fingerprinting (DAF): a case study in the Phoma exigua species complex,” Molecular Plant Pathology, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 403–414, 2009.
- L. He, S. Wang, X. Miao, H. Wu, and Y. Huang, “Identification of necrophagous fly species using ISSR and SCAR markers,” Forensic Science International, vol. 168, no. 2-3, pp. 148–153, 2007.
- K. Rognes, Blowflies (Diptera, Calliphoridae) of Fennoscandia and Denmark, E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands, 1991.
- T. Whitworth, “Keys to the genera and species of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of America north of Mexico,” Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 689–725, 2006.