- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 572126, 7 pages
Evaluation of a Worksite Cervical Screening Initiative to Increase Pap Smear Uptake in Malaysia: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
1Ministry of Health Malaysia, 62590 Putrajaya, Malaysia
2Centre for Population Health (CePH), Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Centre for Public Health, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Biomedical Sciences, Queen’s University of Belfast, Belfast BT12 6BA, Ireland
Received 14 April 2013; Accepted 26 June 2013
Academic Editor: Takashi Saku
Copyright © 2013 Fauziah Abdullah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- G. L. C. Chye, S. Rampal, and H. Yahaya, Eds., Cancer Incidence in Peninsular Malaysia, 2003–2005, National Cancer Registry, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2008.
- O. Zainal Ariffin, M. A. Zainudin, and I. T. Nor Saleha, Malaysian Cancer Statistics—Data and Figure Peninsular Malaysia 2006, National Cancer Registry, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2006.
- N. H. Othman, B. C. R. Devi, and Y. Halimah, “Cervical cancer screening: patients' understanding in major hospitals in Malaysia,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 569–574, 2009.
- B. K. Patro and B. Nongkynrih, “Review of screening and preventive strategies for cervical cancer in India,” Indian journal of public health, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 216–221, 2007.
- K. S. Louie, Sd. Sanjose, and P. Mayaud, “Cervical cancer prevention in Africa. The tools exist to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer, but as Karly S Louie and colleagues report, little is systematically being done to reduce the caseload,” Oncology, pp. 27–29, 2009.
- M. Nygård, “Screening for cervical cancer: when theory meets reality,” BMC Cancer, vol. 11, article 240, 2011.
- F. A. Nicula, A. Anttila, L. Neamtiu et al., “Challenges in starting organised screening programmes for cervical cancer in the new member states of the European Union,” European Journal of Cancer, vol. 45, no. 15, pp. 2679–2684, 2009.
- A. Miles, J. Cockburn, R. A. Smith, and J. Wardle, “A perspective from countries using organized screening programs,” Cancer, vol. 101, no. 5, pp. 1201–1213, 2004.
- M. Arbyn, M. Rebolj, I. M. C. M. De Kok et al., “The challenges of organising cervical screening programmes in the 15 old member states of the European Union,” European Journal of Cancer, vol. 45, no. 15, pp. 2671–2678, 2009.
- E. Gakidou, S. Nordhagen, and Z. Obermeyer, “Coverage of cervical cancer screening in 57 countries: low average levels and large inequalities,” PLoS Medicine, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 0863–0868, 2008.
- Institute for Public Health (IPH), The Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) 2006, vol. 2, Ministry of Health, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2008.
- N. H. Othman, “Cancer of the cervix—from bleak past to bright future: a review, with an emphasis on cancer of the cervix in Malaysia,” Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 13–26, 2003.
- N. H. Othman and M. Rebolj, “Challenges to cervical screening in a developing country: the case of Malaysia,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 747–752, 2009.
- M. R. M. Noor, “Current status and future direction of cervical cancer prevention program in Malaysia,” 2008.
- F. Abdullah and T. T. Su, “Enhancement of the cervical cancer screening program in malaysia: a qualitative study,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1359–1366, 2010.
- Y. Kim, J. K. Jun, K. S. Choi, H.-Y. Lee, and E.-C. Park, “Overview of the National cancer screening programme and the cancer screening status in Korea,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 725–730, 2011.
- J. K. Jun, K. S. Choi, K. W. Jung et al., “Effectiveness of an organized cervical cancer screening program in Korea: results from a cohort study,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 188–193, 2009.
- F. Abdullah, N. A. Aziz, and T. T. Su, “Factors related to poor practice of pap smear screening among secondary school teachers in Malaysia,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 1347–1352, 2011.
- S. Eaker, H.-O. Adami, F. Granath, E. Wilander, and P. Sparén, “A large population-based randomized controlled trial to increase attendance at screening for cervical cancer,” Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 346–354, 2004.
- G. Torres-Mejia, J. Salmeron-Castro, M. M. Tellez-Rojo et al., “Call and recall for cervical cancer screening in a developing country: a randomised field trial,” International Journal of Cancer, vol. 87, pp. 869–873, 2000.
- OpenEpi: Open Source Epidemiologic Statistics for Public Health, Version 2.3.1, http://www.OpenEpi.com/.
- S. Adamchak, K. Bond, L. MacLaren, R. Magnani, K. Nelson, and J. Seltzer, A Guide to Monitoring and Evaluating Adolescent Reproductive Health Programs, FOCUS on Young Adults, 2000.
- D. S. Tseng, E. Cox, M. B. Plane, and K. M. Hla, “Efficacy of patient letter reminders on cervical cancer screening: a meta-analysis,” Journal of General Internal Medicine, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 563–568, 2001.
- G. Ronco, S. Pilutti, S. Patriarca et al., “Impact of the introduction of organised screening for cervical cancer in Turin, Italy: cancer incidence by screening history 1992–98,” British Journal of Cancer, vol. 93, no. 3, pp. 376–378, 2005.
- B. Chumworathayi, P. Yuenyao, S. Luanratanakorn, J. Pattamadilok, W. Chalapati, and C. Na-Nhongkai, “Can an appointment-letter intervention increase pap smear screening in Samliem, Khon Kaen, Thailand?” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 353–356, 2007.
- E. De Jonge, E. Cloes, L. Op De Beeck et al., “A quasi-randomized trial on the effectiveness of an invitation letter to improve participation in a setting of opportunistic screening for cervical cancer,” European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 238–242, 2008.
- A. J. Dietrich, J. N. Tobin, A. Cassells et al., “Telephone care management to improve cancer screening among low-income women: a randomized, controlled trial,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 144, no. 8, pp. 563–571, 2006.
- S. Morrell, R. Taylor, S. Zeckendorf, A. Niciak, G. Wain, and J. Ross, “How much does a reminder letter increase cervical screening among under-screened women in NSW?” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 78–84, 2005.
- S. K. Buehler and W. L. Parsons, “Effectiveness of a call/recall system in improving compliance with cervical cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 157, no. 5, pp. 521–526, 1997.
- J. Walboomers, M. V. Jacobs, M. M. Manos, et al., “Human papillomvirus is a necessary cause of invasive cervical cancer worldwide,” Journal of Pathology, vol. 189, no. 1, pp. 12–19, 1999.
- R. Sankaranarayanan, A. M. Budukh, and R. Rajkumar, “Effective screening programmes for cervical cancer in low- and middle-income developing countries,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 79, no. 10, pp. 954–962, 2001.
- L. P. Wong, Y. L. Wong, W. Y. Low, E. M. Khoo, and R. Shuib, “Cervical cancer screening attitudes and beliefs of Malaysian women who have never had a pap smear: a qualitative study,” International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 289–292, 2008.
- L. P. Wong, Y. L. Wong, W. Y. Low, E. M. Khoo, and R. Shuib, “Knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer and screening among Malaysian women who have never had a Pap smear: a qualitative study,” Singapore Medical Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 49–53, 2009.
- WHO, Cervical Cancer Screening in Developing Countries: Report of a WHO Consultation, Geneva, Switzerland, 2002.
- D. S. Mphatsoe and M. K. Pather, “Missed opportunities for cervical screening at Worcester Hospital and Worcester Community Health Centre, Worcester, South Africa,” South African Family Practice, vol. 50, no. 4, p. 68, 2008.
- R. Murillo, M. Almonte, A. Pereira et al., “Cervical cancer screening programs in Latin America and the Caribbean,” Vaccine, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. L37–L48, 2008.
- C. Sepúlveda and R. Prado, “Effective cervical cytology screening programmes in middle-income countries: the Chilean experience,” Cancer Detection and Prevention, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 405–411, 2005.
- I. Apostol, A. Baban, F. Nicula et al., “Cervical cancer assessment in Romania under EUROCHIP-2,” Tumori, vol. 96, no. 4, pp. 545–552, 2010.
- The Malaysia Governments' Official Portal, 2008, http://www.malaysia.gov.my.
- IARC, Handbooks of Cancer Prevention, vol. 10 of Cervix Cancer Screening, International Agency for Research on Cancer Press, Lyon, France, 2005.