Table 1: Composition (g/Kg) of casein, soybean, NPC, and experimental diets.

IngredientsDiets*
NPCCaseinSoybeanRaw Bc Soaked Bc Heated Bc BcPCd

Maize starch500377.4295.1312.3312.3302.3326.3
Glucose150150150150150150150
Maize oil150150132127127127150
Cellulose100100100100
Vitamin mix**50505050505050
Mineral mix**50505050505050
Casein119.6
Soybean242
B. cheilantha
 Raw307
 Soaked307
 Treated317
 Protein concentrate170
L-methionine3.02.33.23.43.23.7
Density (KJ/g)16.5116.5116.5016.1016.1016.1016.51

Raw Bc: raw B. cheilantha diet; soaked Bc: B. cheilantha soaked diet; heated Bc: B. cheilantha heat treated diet; BcPCd: B. cheilantha protein concentrate diet; NPC: nonprotein control.
**Vitamin mix (g/Kg): vitamin B12 (100%), 0.02; folic acid, 0.04; biotin (1%), 4.0; pyridoxine HCl, 0.04; thiamine HCl, 0.06; riboflavin (99%), 0.21; Ca-pantothenato (45%), 1.2; nicotinic acid, 4.0; inositol, 4.0; p-amino-benzoic acid, 12.0; choline chloride (50%), 24.0; maize starch, 950.43. Mineral mix (g/Kg): calcium citrate, 296.1; calcium carbonate (40%), 65.8; copper carbonate, 1.1; magnesium carbonate, 34.3; zinc carbonate, 0.48; ferric citrate, 9.1; magnesium chloride. 6H2O, 5.82; sodium chloride, 74.0; potassium chloride, 119.5; monobasic calcium phosphate, 108.2; dibasic potassium phosphate, 210.1; sodium fluoride, 0.48; potassium iodate 0.1; magnesium sulfate, 75.4.
Seeds were soaked for 1 h in distilled water (1 : 4, w/v) prior to grinding.
Seeds were boiled at 92°C for 60 min.