Table 2: Proximate composition of B. cheilantha seed meal expressed as a percentage of dry matter.

ComponentB. cheilantha seed (%)
RawSoakedHeatedProtein concentrate

Ash3.9 ± 0.1a4.0 ± 0.1a3.9 ± 0.1aND*
Crude fat8.7 ± 0.1a8.6 ± 0.2a8.6 ± 0.1aND
Protein**35.9 ± 0.9b36.0 ± 0.7b31.5 ± 0.2b58.9 ± 1.7a
Total dietary fiber45.3 ± 0.4a44.4 ± 0.3a43.2 ± 0.4aND
Carbohydrate6.2 ± 0.1b7.0 ± 0.2b12.8 ± 0.1a
Energy (KJ/100 g)#1080.11049.21071.31001.3

All values are means ± standard deviation of triplicates (three analyses of the same sample).
*ND: not detected.
**N × 6.25.
Determined by calculating the percentile difference from all the other constituents.
Carbohydrate values could not be calculated since the other constituents were not detected.
#The energy content was estimated by multiplying the percentages of crude protein, crude fat, and carbohydrates by their respective Atwater modified factors.