Table 5: Overview of the data addressed in this review.

MicronutrientEvidence of genomic instability inductionConcentration in common cell-culture media versus physiological concentrationOptimal concentration proposed for cell culture
DeficiencyExcess

Vitamin A++LowerStudied
Vitamin B7++HigherRequires more studies
Vitamin B9++HigherStudied
Vitamin B12+NAHigherStudied
Vitamin C++UnknownStudied
Vitamin E+UnknownStudied
Copper++LowerStudied
Iron++LowerStudied
MagnesiumNA+SimilarStudied
Selenium+LowerStudied
Zinc++LowerStudied

NA: Not available.
(−) Negative: the available data indicate no effect.
(+) Positive: the available data indicate an effect.