- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 615901, 6 pages
Strength and Body Composition Changes in Recreationally Strength-Trained Individuals: Comparison of One versus Three Sets Resistance-Training Programmes
1Institute for Clinical Exercise & Health Science, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton ML3 0JB, UK
2Health and Exercise Science Research Unit, School of Applied Sciences, University of South Wales, Pontypridd CF37 1DL, UK
3Cardiff School of Sport, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff CF23 6XD, UK
4Human Performance Laboratory, Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Received 15 April 2013; Revised 30 July 2013; Accepted 8 August 2013
Academic Editor: Kazushige Goto
Copyright © 2013 J. S. Baker et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- S. Fleck and W. Kraemer, Designing Resistance-Training Programs, Human Kinetics, Champaign, Ill, USA, 2nd edition, 1997.
- C. J. Hass, L. Garzarella, D. De Hoyos, and M. L. Pollock, “Single versus multiple sets in long-term recreational weightlifters,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 235–242, 2000.
- Physical Activity Council and Sports, “Fitness and Leisure Activities Topline Participation Report,” Edited by Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association, Silver Springs, Md, USA, 2012.
- M. H. Stone, “Implications for connective tissue and bone alterations resulting from resistance exercise training,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 20, no. 5, supplement, pp. S162–S168, 1988.
- M. H. Stone, S. J. Fleck, N. T. Triplett, and W. J. Kraemer, “Health- and performance-related potential of resistance training,” Sports Medicine, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 210–231, 1991.
- K. Hakkinen, A. Pakarinen, M. Alen, H. Kauhanen, and P. V. Komi, “Neuromuscular and hormonal adaptations in athletes to strength training in two years,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 2406–2412, 1988.
- J. B. Kramer, M. H. Stone, H. S. O'Bryant et al., “Effects of single vs. multiple sets of weight training: impact of volume, intensity, and variation,” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 143–147, 1997.
- R. S. Staron, D. L. Karapondo, W. J. Kraemer et al., “Skeletal muscle adaptations during early phase of heavy-resistance training in men and women,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 1247–1255, 1994.
- R. N. Carpinelli and R. M. Otto, “Strength training. Single versus multiple sets,” Sports Medicine, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 73–84, 1998.
- J. W. Krieger, “Single vs. multiple sets of resistance exercise for muscle hypertrophy: a meta-analysis,” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 1150–1159, 2010.
- R. Byrd, T. J. Chandler, M. S. Conley, et al., “Strength training: single versus multiple sets,” Sports Medicine, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 409–416, 1999.
- W. J. Kraemer, S. J. Fleck, and W. J. Evans, “Strength and power training: physiological mechanisms of adaptation,” Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol. 24, pp. 363–397, 1996.
- W. McArdle, F. Katch, and V. Katch, Exercise Physiology: Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance, Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Md, USA, 4th edition, 1996.
- American College of Sports Medicine, ACSM's Resource Manual for Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, ACSM, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, Md, USA, 7th edition, 2013.
- L. W. Weiss, H. D. Coney, and F. C. Clark, “Differential functional adaptations to short-term low-, moderate-, and high- repetition weight training,” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Researchp, vol. 13, pp. 236–241, 1999.
- D. Behm, “Neuromuscular implications and applications of resistance training,” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 9, pp. 264–274, 1995.
- L. Kilgore, M. Hartman, and J. Lascek, “Exercise performance standards,” in FIT, Killustrated Books, L. Kilgore, Ed., Killustrated Books, Iowa Park, Tex, USA, 2011.
- M. Marfell-Jones, T. Olds, A. Stewart, and L. Carter, International Standards for Anthropometric Assessment, Potchefstroom, South Africa, 2006.
- B. T. Boyer, “A comparison of three strength training programs on women,” Journal of Applied Sports Science Research, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 88–94, 1990.
- C. Jesse, J. McGee, J. Gibson, M. Stone, et al., “A comparison of Nautilus and free weight training,” Journal of Applied Sports Science Research, vol. 3, article 59, 1988.
- S. A. Mazzetti, W. J. Kraemer, J. S. Volek et al., “The influence of direct supervision of resistance training on strength performance,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1175–1184, 2000.
- Minitab Inc., MINITAB Reference Manual, Minitab, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1995.
- K. J. Ostrowski, G. J. Wilson, R. Weatherby, P. W. Murphy, and A. D. Lyttle, “The effect of weight training volume on hormonal output and muscular size and function,” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 148–154, 1997.
- M. L. Pollock, J. E. Graves, M. M. Bamman et al., “Frequency and volume of resistance training: effect on cervical extension strength,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 74, no. 10, pp. 1080–1086, 1993.
- D. B. Starkey, M. L. Pollock, Y. Ishida et al., “Effect of resistance training volume on strength and muscle thickness,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 28, no. 10, pp. 1311–1320, 1996.
- M. J. N. McDonagh and C. T. M. Davies, “Adaptive response of mammalian skeletal muscle to exercise with high loads,” European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 139–155, 1984.