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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 618475, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/618475
Research Article

Higher Incidence of Lung Adenocarcinomas Induced by DMBA in Connexin 43 Heterozygous Knockout Mice

Department of Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo, Avenue Professor Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva 87, 05508-900 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil

Received 22 March 2013; Accepted 8 August 2013

Academic Editor: Sircili MP

Copyright © 2013 Krishna Duro de Oliveira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Gap junctions are communicating junctions which are important for tissue homeostasis, and their disruption is involved in carcinogenic processes. This study aimed to verify the influence of deletion of one allele of the Connexin 43 gene on cancer incidence in different organs. The 7, 12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA) carcinogenic model, using hebdomadary doses by gavage of 9 mg per animal, was used to induce tumors in Connexin 43 heterozygous or wild-type mice. The experiment began in the eighth week of the mice life, and all of them were euthanized when reaching inadequate physical condition, or at the end of 53 weeks. No statistical differences occurred for weight gain and cancer survival time ( ) between heterozygous and wild-type mice. Cx43+/− mice presented significantly higher susceptibility to lung cancer ( ) which was not evidenced for benign neoplasms ( ). In addition, incidence of ovarian neoplasms was 2.5-fold higher in Cx43+/− mice, although not statistically significant. Other organs showed a very similar cancer occurrence between Cx43 groups. The experiment strengthens the evidence of the relationship between Connexin 43 deficiency and carcinogenesis.