Table 4: Fetuses with skeleton anomalies after maternal exposure to Ni+2 (as NiCl2·6H2O).

Parameters (%)Group I 
(control)
Group II 
(46.125 mg Ni/kg b.wt.)
Group III 
(92.25 mg Ni/kg b.wt.)
Group IV 
(184.5 mg Ni/kg b.wt.)

Total fetuses with different skeletal anomalies022.735.050.0
Skull018.125.040.6
Vertebral column005.09.3
Ribs04.55.06.2
Sternum09.015.018.7
Pelvic elements 005.06.2
Caudal vertebrae 005.06.2
Carpals, metacarpals, tarsals, metatarsals, and phalanges018.125.046.8