- About this Journal
- Abstracting and Indexing
- Aims and Scope
- Annual Issues
- Article Processing Charges
- Articles in Press
- Author Guidelines
- Bibliographic Information
- Citations to this Journal
- Contact Information
- Editorial Board
- Editorial Workflow
- Free eTOC Alerts
- Publication Ethics
- Reviewers Acknowledgment
- Submit a Manuscript
- Subscription Information
- Table of Contents
BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 719096, 12 pages
A Prospective Profile of Visual Field Loss following Stroke: Prevalence, Type, Rehabilitation, and Outcome
1Department of Health Services Research, Whelan Building, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GB, UK
2Altnagelvin Hospitals HHS Trust, Altnagelvin BT47 6SB, UK
3NHS Ayrshire and Arran, Ayr KA6 6DX, UK
4Royal United Hospitals Bath NHS Trust, Bath BA1 3NG, UK
5Fairfield Hospital, Bury BL9 7TD, UK
6Durham and Darlington Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Durham DH1 5TW, UK
7Ipswich Hospital NHS Trust, Ipswich IP4 5PD, UK
8Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Gloucester GL1 3NN, UK
9St Helier General Hospital, Jersey JE1 3QS, UK
10University Hospital NHS Trust, Nottingham BG7 2UH, UK
11Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford OX3 9DU, UK
12Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, Salford M6 8HD, UK
13Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield S10 2JF, UK
14Swindon and Marlborough NHS Trust, Swindon SN3 6BB, UK
15Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh NHS Trust, Wigan WN1 2NN, UK
16Worcestershire Acute Hospitals NHS Trust, Worcester WR5 1DD, UK
Received 23 April 2013; Revised 23 June 2013; Accepted 22 July 2013
Academic Editor: Alberto Raggi
Copyright © 2013 Fiona J. Rowe et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- National Audit Office, “Reducing Brain Damage: Faster access to better stroke care,” London, UK, 2005.
- P. Falke, B. M. Abela Jr., C. E. T. Krakau et al., “High frequency of asymptomatic visual field defects in subjects with transient ischaemic attacks or minor strokes,” Journal of Internal Medicine, vol. 229, no. 6, pp. 521–525, 1991.
- J. Singh Gilhotra, P. Mitchell, P. R. Healey, R. G. Cumming, and J. Currie, “Homonymous visual field defects and stroke in an older population,” Stroke, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 2417–2420, 2002.
- C. MacIntosh, “Stroke re-visited: visual problems following stroke and their effect on rehabilitation,” British Orthoptic Journal, vol. 60, pp. 10–14, 2003.
- X. Zhang, S. Kedar, M. J. Lynn, N. J. Newman, and V. Biousse, “Homonymous hemianopia in stroke,” Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 180–183, 2006.
- I. B. Suchoff, N. Kapoor, K. J. Ciuffreda, D. Rutner, E. Han, and S. Craig, “The frequency of occurrence, types, and characteristics of visual field defects in acquired brain injury: a retrospective analysis,” Optometry, vol. 79, no. 5, pp. 259–265, 2008.
- F. Rowe, D. Brand, C. A. Jackson et al., “Visual impairment following stroke: do stroke patients require vision assessment?” Age and Ageing, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 188–193, 2009.
- A. L. M. Pambakian, D. S. Wooding, N. Patel, A. B. Morland, C. Kennard, and S. K. Mannan, “Scanning the visual world: a study of patients with homonymous hemianopia,” Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 751–759, 2000.
- X. Zhang, S. Kedar, M. J. Lynn, N. J. Newman, and V. Biousse, “Natural history of homonymous hemianopia,” Neurology, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 901–905, 2006.
- X. Zhang, S. Kedar, M. J. Lynn, N. J. Newman, and V. Biousse, “Homonymous hemianopias: clinical-anatomic correlations in 904 cases,” Neurology, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 906–910, 2006.
- J. Zihl, “Visual scanning behavior in patients with homonymous hemianopia,” Neuropsychologia, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 287–303, 1995.
- S.-W. Han, Y. H. Sohn, P.-H. Lee, B.-C. Suh, and I.-S. Choi, “Pure homonymous hemianopia due to anterior choroidal artery territory infarction,” European Neurology, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 35–38, 2000.
- L. J. Holt and S. F. Anderson, “Bilateral occipital lobe stroke with inferior altitudinal defects,” Optometry, vol. 71, no. 11, pp. 690–702, 2000.
- F. Wein and N. R. Miller, “An unusual homonymous visual field defect,” Survey of Ophthalmology, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 324–328, 2000.
- K. Isa, K. Miyashita, S. Yanagimoto, K. Nagatsuka, and H. Naritomi, “Homonymous defect of macular vision in ischemic stroke,” European Neurology, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 126–130, 2001.
- J. Francois and A. Neetens, “Vascularization of the optic pathway—I. Lamina cribrosa and optic nerve,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 472–488, 1954.
- J. Francois, A. Neetans, and J. M. Collette, “Vascular supply of the optic pathway—II. Further studies by micro-arteriography of the optic nerve,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 220–232, 1955.
- J. Francois and A. Neetens, “Central retinal artery and central optic nerve artery,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 47, pp. 21–30, 1963.
- G. A. Cioffi and E. M. van Buskirk, “Microvasculature of the anterior optic nerve,” Survey of Ophthalmology, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. S107–S117, 1994.
- B. Hughes, “Blood supply of the optic nerves and chiasma and its clinical significance,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 106–125, 1958.
- R. Bergland, “The arterial supply of the human optic chiasm,” Journal of Neurosurgery, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 327–334, 1969.
- P. B. Wollschlaeger, G. Wollschlaeger, C. H. Ide, and W. M. Hart, “Arterial blood supply of the human optic chiasm and surrounding structures,” Annals of Ophthalmology, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 862–864, 1971.
- J. Francois, A. Neetans, and J. M. Collette, “Vascularization of the optic pathway—4. Optic tract and external geniculate body,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 341–354, 1956.
- J. Francois, A. Neetans, and J. M. Collette, “Vascularization of the primary optic pathways,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 65–80, 1958.
- C. G. Smith and W. F. G. Richardson, “The course and distribution of the arteries supplying the visual (striate) cortex,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 61, no. 6, pp. 1391–1396, 1966.
- A. L. M. Pambakian and C. Kennard, “Can visual function be restored in patients with homonymous hemianopia?” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 324–328, 1997.
- J. L. Smith, “Homonymous hemianopia. A review of one hundred cases,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 616–623, 1962.
- J. D. Trobe, M. L. Lorber, and N. S. Schlezinger, “Isolated homonymous hemianopia. A review of 104 cases,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 377–381, 1973.
- T. Fujino, K. Kigazawa, and R. Yamada, “Homonymous hemianopia. A retrospective study of 140 cases,” Journal of Neuroophthalmology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 17–21, 1986.
- C. S. Gray, J. M. French, D. Bates, N. E. F. Cartlidge, G. S. Venables, and O. F. W. James, “Recovery of visual fields in acute stroke: homonymous hemianopia associated with adverse prognosis,” Age and Ageing, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 419–421, 1989.
- S. A. Jones and R. A. Shinton, “Improving outcome in stroke patients with visual problems,” Age and Ageing, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 560–565, 2006.
- C. V. Granger, A. C. Cotter, B. B. Hamilton, and R. C. Fiedler, “Functional assessment scales: a study of persons after stroke,” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 133–138, 1993.
- A. P. Leff, S. K. Scott, H. Crewes, et al., “Impaired reading in patients with right hemianopia,” Annals of Neurology, vol. 47, pp. 171–178, 2000.
- R. S. Ramrattan, R. C. W. Wolfs, S. Panda-Jonas et al., “Prevalence and causes of visual field loss in the elderly and associations with impairment in daily functioning: the Rotterdam Study,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 119, no. 12, pp. 1788–1794, 2001.
- C. G. West, G. Gildengorin, G. Haegerstrom-Portnoy, M. E. Schneck, L. Lott, and J. A. Brabyn, “Is vision function related to physical functional ability in older adults?” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 136–145, 2002.
- S.-Y. Tai, C.-Y. Cheng, W.-M. Hsu, T.-P. T. Su, J.-H. Liu, and P. Chou, “Association between visual impairment and depression in the elderly,” Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, vol. 102, no. 2, pp. 86–90, 2003.
- Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN), “Management of patients with stroke: rehabilitation, prevention and management of complications, and discharge planning,” Guideline 118, 2011.
- Intercollegiate Stroke Working Party, National Clinical Guidance for Stroke, Royal College of Physicians, London, UK, 4th edition, 2012.
- A. Pollock, C. Hazelton, C. A. Henderson et al., “Interventions for visual field defects in patients with stroke,” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, no. 10, Article ID CD008388, 2011.
- A. Pambakian, J. Currie, and C. Kennard, “Rehabilitation strategies for patients with homonymous visual field defects,” Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 136–142, 2005.
- T. Roth, A. N. Sokolov, A. Messias, P. Roth, M. Weller, and S. Trauzettel-Klosinski, “Comparing explorative saccade and flicker training in hemianopia: a randomized controlled study,” Neurology, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 324–331, 2009.
- Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency, “For medical practitioners. At a glance: Guide to the current medical standards of fitness to drive,” Issued by: Drivers Medical Group. Swansea, UK, 2007.
- World Health Organisation, “Prevention of Blindness and Visual Impairment. Priority eye diseases: Refractive errors and low vision,” 2012, http://www.who.int/blindness/causes/priority/en/index5.html.
- P. M. Hart, M. R. Stevenson, A.-M. Montgomery, K. A. Muldrew, and U. Chakravarthy, “Further validation of the Daily Living Tasks Dependent on Vision: identification of domains,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 89, no. 9, pp. 1127–1130, 2005.
- C. F. Freeman and N. B. Rudge, “Cerebrovascular accident and the orthoptist,” British Orthoptic Journal, no. 45, pp. 8–18, 1988.
- C. Clisby, “Visual assessment of patients with cerebrovascular accident on the elderly care wards,” British Orthoptic Journal, vol. 52, pp. 38–40, 1995.
- W. H. Barker and J. P. Mullooly, “Stroke in a defined elderly population, 1967–1985: a less lethal and disabling but no less common disease,” Stroke, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 284–290, 1997.
- B. S. Townend, J. W. Sturm, C. Petsoglou, B. O'Leary, S. Whyte, and D. Crimmins, “Perimetric homonymous visual field loss post-stroke,” Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 754–756, 2007.
- T. P. Cassidy, D. W. Bruce, S. Lewis, and C. S. Gray, “The association of visual field deficits and visuo-spatial neglect in acute right-hemisphere stroke patients,” Age and Ageing, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 257–260, 1999.
- A. Elliott and S. Keightley, Visual Standards for Driving. Ophthalmic Services Guidance, Royal College of Ophthalmology, 2005.
- P. T. Ashwin and M. D. Tsaloumas, “Complex visual hallucinations (Charles Bonnet syndrome) in the hemianopic visual field following occipital infarction,” Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 263, no. 1-2, pp. 184–186, 2007.
- F. Rowe and VIS Group UK, “Visual perceptual consequences of stroke,” Strabismus, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 24–28, 2009.
- F. Rowe, D. Wright, D. Brand et al., “Reading difficulty after stroke: ocular and non ocular causes,” International Journal of Stroke, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 404–411, 2011.
- D. Poole, F. Chaudry, and W. M. Jay, “Stroke and driving,” Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 37–41, 2008.
- L. Henriksson, A. Raninen, R. Näsänen, L. Hyvärinen, and S. Vanni, “Training-induced cortical representation of a hemianopic hemifield,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 74–81, 2007.
- A. Sahraie, C. T. Trevethan, L. Weiskrantz et al., “Spatial channels of visual processing in cortical blindness,” European Journal of Neuroscience, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 1189–1196, 2003.
- I. Mueller, H. Mast, and B. A. Sabel, “Recovery of visual field defects: a large clinical observational study using vision restoration therapy,” Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, vol. 25, no. 5-6, pp. 563–572, 2007.
- G. Kerkhoff, U. Münßinger, G. Eberle-Strauss, and E. Stögerer, “Rehabilitation of hemianopic alexia in patients with postgeniculate visual field disorders,” Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, vol. 2, pp. 21–42, 1992.
- G. Kerkhoff, U. Munssinger, E. Haaf, G. Eberle-Strauss, and E. Stogerer, “Rehabilitation of homonymous scotomata in patients with postgeniculate damage of the visual system: saccadic compensation training,” Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 245–254, 1992.
- E. Peli, “Field expansion for homonymous hemianopia by optically induced peripheral exotropia,” Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 77, no. 9, pp. 453–464, 2000.
- R. G. Giorgi, R. L. Woods, and E. Peli, “Clinical and laboratory evaluation of peripheral prism glasses for hemianopia,” Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 492–502, 2009.