Table 4: Exposure systems for exposing cultivated cells at the air-liquid interface.

Exposure systemElectrostatic precipitationCell typeTest atmosphereLiterature

Cultex CG No LK004
HFBE-21
CHO-K1
A549
BEAS-2B
Cigarette smoke
Diesel exhaust
Ozone and nitrogene dioxide
Phosgene
Volatile organic compounds
Pharmaceuticals
Trichloramine
Fly ash
Particles
Aufderheide and Mohr 1999 [12]
Ritter et al. 2001 [46]
Knebel et al. 2002 [47]
Diabaté et al. 2008 [48]
Pariselli et al. 2009 [49]
Deschl et al. 2011 [50]
Schmalz et al. 2011 [51]
Wijte et al. 2011 [52]
Nara et al. [53]
Elihn et al. 2012 [54]

Cultex RFS Yes A549
16HBE14o-
Cigarette smokeAufderheide et al. 2011 [17]

ALICE No A549Carbon black nanoparticles
Zinc oxide nanoparticles
Gold nanoparticles
Lenz et al. 2009 [14]

NACIVT Yes BEAS-2B
Porcine lung macrophages
Secondary organic aerosols
Polystyrene particles
Gaschen et al. 2010 [55]
Savi et al. 2008 [16]

Vitrocell No A549Laser printer emissions
Volatile organic compounds
Carbon nanotubes
Tang et al. 2012 [56]
Frohlich et al. 2012 [57]
Anderson et al. 2010 [58]
Gminski et al. 2011 [59]

BAT No NCI-H292 Cigarette smokePhillips et al. 2005 [35]

EAVES Yes A549 Polystyrene particles
Diesel exhaust
Coarse ambient particles
de Bruijne et al. 2009 [15]
Volckens et al. 2009 [60]