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BioMed Research International
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 792527, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/792527
Review Article

Metabolomics in Plants and Humans: Applications in the Prevention and Diagnosis of Diseases

1Centro de Estudios Fotosintéticos y Bioquímicos (CEFOBI-CONICET), Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Suipacha 531, 2000 Rosario, Argentina
2IIB-Universidad Nacional de General San Martín (UNSAM), 25 de Mayo y Francia, San Martín, 1650 Buenos Aires, Argentina
3Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular de Rosario (IBR-CONICET), Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Suipacha 531, 2000 Rosario, Argentina

Received 12 April 2013; Accepted 7 July 2013

Academic Editor: Paul Huber

Copyright © 2013 Diego F. Gomez-Casati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the recent years, there has been an increase in the number of metabolomic approaches used, in parallel with proteomic and functional genomic studies. The wide variety of chemical types of metabolites available has also accelerated the use of different techniques in the investigation of the metabolome. At present, metabolomics is applied to investigate several human diseases, to improve their diagnosis and prevention, and to design better therapeutic strategies. In addition, metabolomic studies are also being carried out in areas such as toxicology and pharmacology, crop breeding, and plant biotechnology. In this review, we emphasize the use and application of metabolomics in human diseases and plant research to improve human health.