Table 1: List of selected medicinal plants used as single herbs in developing countries.

CountryFamilyScientific name of plantVernacular nameParts usedLocal medicinal usesReported literature

Mauritius
Island
RutaceaeAegle marmelos BaelFruit
Leaf
Gastrointestinal disorder
Diabetes
[710]
ErythroxylaceaeErythroxylum laurifolium Bois de rondeDiuretic, used against renal stores[11, 12]
EbenaceaeDiospyros neraudii, Diospyros revaughanii, Diospyros tesselleria, Diospyros melanida EbèneStem barkAntibacterial,
antifungal,
antiviral, anthelminthic,
antiprotozoal, and
antimalarial
[1113]

Reunion IslandAphloiaceaeAphloia theiformis Change ecorce, Goyave marron
LeafTreat fever and antimalarial properties [14]
AsteraceaeEupatorium triplinerve AyapanaAerial parts

Madagascar IslandAcanthaceaeJusticia gendarussa Ayapana marronAerial partsAntimalarial properties [15]
BuddlejaceaeNuxia sp. VlierLeaf, bark
AsteraceaePsiadia sp. Arina/IaryAerial parts

South AfricaPodocarpaceaePodorcarpus sp. Fern pineLeaf
Stem
Fevers, asthma, cough, cholera, arthritis, rheumatism, painful joints [16]
ApocynaceaeCarissa edulis ConkerberryRootDiarrhoea [17]

East AfricaRutaceaeToddalia asiatica Nyalwet-kwach/Kaule/Mdaka kombaRoot, bark,
leaf, fruit
Malaria, cough, chest pain, sore throat
[18]
AnnonaceaeUvaria scheffleri MgumaRoot
Leaf
Antimalarial activities [19]

North AfricaApiaceaeCarum carvi El-qarwiya
(Caraway)
SeedDiabetes and hypertension [20]
CompositaeArtemisia herba-alba Chih
(White mugwort)
Leaf, root

West
Africa
AnnonaceaeAnnickia chlorantha Yellow MoambeStem BarkAches, wounds, boils, vomiting, fever, chills, sore, spleen in children, and hepatitis [21]
Anonidium mannii Eborne AfanStem
Bark
Measles, diarrhea, enlarged spleen, fever, gonorrhoea, production of breast-milk

Northeast
India
AcanthaceaeJusticia adhatoda Nongmangkha
angouba
Leaf
Fruit
Asthma [22]
AcoraceaeAcorus calamus Ok hidakRoot
Leaf
Haemorrhoids
MeliaceaeAphanamixis polystachya HeirangkhoiLeafAsthma

South IndiaEuphorbiaceaeAcalypha indica KuppaimeniLeafBronchitis [23]
AmaranthaceaeAerva lanata SirukanpeelaiRootDiabetes
AcanthaceaeAsystasia gangetica Medday keeraiWhole plantRheumatism

ChinaRosaceaeAgrimonia pilosa Xian he caoWhole plantAnti-inflammatory, against worms [24]
AsteraceaeErigeron breviscapus DengzhanxixinWhole plantInflammation,
high blood pressure, and headache
GeraniaceaeGeranium strictipes GeshanxiaoRootGastrointestinal disorders